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乌墨Syzygium cumini

时间:2013-11-11 12:29来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 乌墨 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 乌楣,海南蒲桃 异名( Synonym ): Eugenia jambolana Lam. Eugenia cumini (L.) Druc
中文名(Chinese Name):乌墨
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):乌楣,海南蒲桃
异名(Synonym):Eugenia jambolana Lam.  Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce  Myrtus cumini L.  Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC.  Jambolifera pedurculata Linn. : Lour.  Jambolifera chinensis Spreng.  Myrtus corticosa Spreng.  Syzygium caryophyllifolium (Lam.) DC.  Syzygium obtusifolium (Roxb.) Kostel.  Jambolifera coromandelica Houtt.  Calyptranthes jambolana (Lam.) Willd.  Calyptranthes jambolifera Stokes  Calyptranthes capitellata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.  Calyptranthes cumini (L.) Pers.  Calyptranthes cuminodora Stokes  Calyptranthes caryophyllifolia Willd.  Calyptranthes oneillii Lundell  Caryophyllus corticosus Stokes  Caryophyllus jambos Stokes  Eugenia calyptrata Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.  Eugenia caryophyllifolia Lam.  Eugenia jambolifera Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.  Syzygium cumini var. caryophyllifolium (Lam.) K.K.Khanna  Syzygium cumini var. obtusifolium (Roxb.) K.K.Khanna  Eugenia jambolana var. caryophyllifolia (Lam.) Duthie  Eugenia jambolana var. obtusifolia Duthie  Syzygium jambolanum var. acuminata O.Berg  Syzygium jambolanum var. obovata O.Berg  Syzygium jambolanum var. elliptica O.Berg 
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科Myrtaceae蒲桃属Syzygium
形态特征(Description):乔木,高15米;嫩枝圆形,干后灰白色。叶片革质,阔椭圆形至狭椭圆形,长6-12厘米,宽3.5-7厘米,先端圆或钝,有一个短的尖头,基部阔楔形,稀为圆形,上面干后褐绿色或为黑褐色,略发亮,下面稍浅色,两面多细小腺点,侧脉多而密,脉间相隔1-2毫米,缓斜向边缘,离边缘1毫米处结合成边脉;叶柄长1-2厘米。圆锥花序腋生或生于花枝上,偶有顶生,长可达11厘米;有短花梗,花白色,3-5朵簇生;萼管倒圆锥形,长4毫米,萼齿很不明显;花瓣4,卵形略圆,长2.5毫米;雄蕊长3-4毫米;花柱与雄蕊等长。果实卵圆形或壶形,长1-2厘米,上部有长1-1.5毫米的宿存萼筒;种子1颗。花期2-3月。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、福建、广东、广西、云南等省区。常见于平地次生林及荒地上。分布于中南半岛、马来西亚、印度、印度尼西亚、澳大利亚等地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 336, 340, 343, 355
Syzygium cumini (Linnaeus) Skeels, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 248: 25. 1912.
乌墨 wu mo | Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Trees, 6-20 m tall. Branchlets grayish white when dry, terete. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade broadly elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 6-12 × 3.5-7 cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially brownish green to blackish brown and slightly glossy when dry, both surfaces with small glands, secondary veins numerous, 1-2 mm apart, and gradually extending into margin, intramarginal veins ca. 1 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate to rarely rounded, apex rounded to obtuse and with a short cusp. Inflorescences axillary on flowering branches or occasionally terminal, paniculate cymes, to 11 cm. Hypanthium obconic or long pyriform, ca. 4 mm or 7-8 mm. Calyx lobes inconspicuous, 0.3-0.7 mm. Petals 4, white or light purple, coherent, ovate and slightly rounded, ca. 2.5 mm. Stamens 3-4 mm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit red to black, ellipsoid to pot-shaped, 1-2 cm, 1-seeded; persistent calyx tube 1-1.5 mm. Fl. Feb-Mar or Apr-May, fr. Jun-Sep.
Secondary forests on level areas, wastelands, streamsides; below 100 to 1200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia].
 






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