织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 乔木 >

破布木Cordia dichotoma

时间:2013-11-11 12:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 破布木 学名( Scientific Name ): Cordia dichotoma G.Forst. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Varronia sinensis Lour. Cordia brownii A.DC. Cordia griffithii C.
中文名(Chinese Name):破布木
学名(Scientific Name):Cordia dichotoma G.Forst.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Varronia sinensis Lour.  Cordia brownii A.DC.  Cordia griffithii C.B.Clarke  Cordia indica Lam.  Cordia loureiroi Roem. & Schult.  Cordia lowriana Brandis  Cordia obliqua var. wallichii (G.Don) C.B.Clarke  Cordia premnifolia Ridl.  Cordia suaveolens Blume  Cordia tremula Griseb.  Cordia wallichii G.Don  Gerascanthus dichotomus (G.Forst.) Borhidi  Gerascanthus griffithii (C.B.Clarke) Borhidi  Gerascanthus suaveolens (Blume) Borhidi  Lithocardium griffithii Kuntze  Lithocardium obliquum Kuntze  Lithocardium suaveolens Kuntze  Lithocardium tremulum Kuntze  Varronia integerrima Stokes
科属(Family & Genus):紫草科Boraginaceae破布木属Cordia
形态特征(Description):乔木,高3-8米。叶卵形、宽卵形或椭圆形,长6-13厘米,宽4-9厘米,先端钝或具短尖,基部圆形或宽楔形,边缘通常微波状或具波状牙齿,稀全缘,两面疏生短柔毛或无毛;叶柄细弱,长2-5厘米。聚伞花序生具叶的侧枝顶端,二叉状稀疏分枝,呈伞房状,宽5-8厘米;花二型,无梗;花萼钟状,5裂,长5-6毫米,裂片三角形,不等大;花冠白色,与花萼略等长,裂片比筒部长;雄花花丝长约3.5毫米;退化雌蕊圆球形;两性花花丝长1-2毫米,花柱合生部分长1-1.5毫米,第一次分枝长约1毫米,第二次分枝长2-3毫米,柱头匙形。核果近球形,黄色或带红色,直径10-15毫米,具多胶质的中果皮,被宿存的花萼承托。花期2-4月,果期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产西藏东南部、云南、贵州、广西、广东、福建及台湾。生海拔300-1900米山坡疏林及山谷溪边。越南、印度北部、澳大利亚东北部及新喀里多尼亚岛有分布。
用途(Use):果实富含脂肪,可榨油
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 16 Page 333
Cordia dichotoma G. Forster, Fl. Ins. Austr. 18. 1786.
破布木 po bu mu | Boraginaceae  | Cordia
Varronia sinensis Loureiro.
Trees 3-4(-20) m tall. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate or elliptic, 6-13 × 4-9 cm, sparsely pubescent or glabrous, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin usually subundulate to undulate dentate, rarely entire, apex obtuse to mucronate. Inflorescences terminating leafy lateral branches, dichotomously branched into corymbose cymes, widely spaced, 5-8 cm wide. Flowers dimorphic, sessile. Calyx campanulate, 5-6 mm, 5-lobed; lobes unequal, triangular. Corolla white, ca. as long as calyx; lobes shorter than tube, margin somewhat undulate. Filaments of staminate flowers ca. 3.5 mm, filaments of bisexual flowers 1-2 mm. Rudimentary pistil globose. Style united portion 1-1.5 mm, first branches ca. 1 mm, second branches 2-3 mm; stigma spatulate. Drupes yellow or reddish, subglobose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., with sticky mesocarp, surrounded by persistent calyx. Fl. Feb-Apr, fr. Jun-Aug. 2n = 48, 50.
Open woods on slopes, mountain streamsides. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Taiwan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [Cambodia, N India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Kashmir, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam; NE Australia, Pacific Islands]
The seeds contain oil, the fruit is used for medicine, and the wood is used for house construction and farm tools.
 


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(4)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容