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红花油茶Camellia chekiangoleosa

时间:2013-11-09 22:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 红花油茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 浙江红山茶 异名( Synonym ): Camellia Subsect. Lucidissima H. T. Chang Camellia
中文名(Chinese Name):红花油茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):浙江红山茶
异名(Synonym):Camellia Subsect. Lucidissima H. T. Chang  Camellia liberistamina H. T. Chang et Chiu  Camellia lucidissima H. T. Chang  Camellia crassissima H. T. Chang et Shi  Camellia chekiangoleosa f. tanglii P. L. Chiu
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科(Theaceae)山茶属
形态特征(Description):小乔木,高6米,嫩枝无毛。叶革质,椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,长8-12厘米,宽2.5-5.5厘米,先端短尖或急尖,基部楔形或近于圆形,上面深绿色,发亮,下面浅绿色,无毛;侧脉约8对,在上面明显,在下面不明显;边缘3/4有锯齿;叶柄长1-1.5厘米,无毛。花红色,顶生或腋生单花,直径8-12厘米,无柄;苞片及萼片14-16片,宿存,近圆形,长6-23毫米,外侧有银白色绢毛;花瓣7片,最外2片倒卵形,长3-4厘米,宽2.5-3.5厘米,外侧靠先端有白绢毛,内侧5片阔倒卵形,长5-7厘米,宽4-5厘米,先端2裂,无毛;雄蕊排成3轮,外轮花丝基部连生约7毫米,并和花瓣合生,内轮花丝离生,长3-3.5厘米,有稀疏长毛,花药黄色;子房无毛,花柱长2厘米,先端3-5裂,无毛。蒴果卵球形,果宽5-7厘米,先端有短喙,下面有宿存萼片及苞片,果爿3-5爿,木质,厚1厘米,中轴3-5棱,长3厘米;种子每室3-8粒,长2厘米。花期4月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、江西、湖南、浙江,生于海拔500-1100米的山地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 367, 403, 404
Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 131. 1965.
浙江山茶 zhe jiang shan cha| Theaceae  | Camellia
Camellia chekiangoleosa f. tanglii P. L. Chiu; C. crassissima Hung T. Chang & W. J. Shi; C. liberistamina Hung T. Chang & J. S. Kiu; C. lucidissima Hung T. Chang.
Shrubs or trees, 3-8 m tall. Year-old branchlets grayish white; current year branchlets reddish brown, glabrous. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 7-13 × 3-6 cm, leathery to thickly leathery, abaxially pale green to yellowish green, adaxially green, shiny, and becoming yellowish green when dry, both surfaces glabrous, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially level or slightly raised, secondary veins 7 or 8 on each side of midvein and slightly raised on both surfaces, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin serrulate, apex acute to acuminate. Flowers solitary or paired, subterminal or axillary, 7-10 cm in diam., subsessile. Bracteoles and sepals 9-11, brown at anthesis; outer 4 bracteoles and sepals semiorbicular, 4-8 mm; inner 5 or 6 bracteoles and sepals ± persistent in young fruit, orbicular, 2-2.5 cm in diam., outside silvery gray villous, inside silvery sericeous, margin membranous. Petals 6-8, roseate or rarely white, broadly obovate, 4-6 × 3-4.5 cm, apex emarginate; inner petals basally connate for 5-8 mm. Stamens 2.5-3 cm, glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate for 5-10 mm. Ovary ovoid, ca. 2 mm, glabrous, 3-loculed but sometimes to 5-loculed in cultivation; style ca. 2.5 cm, glabrous, apically 3-lobed. Capsule globose, 4-7.5 cm in diam., 3-loculed with 3-8 seeds per locule; pericarp to 1 cm thick, woody, splitting into 3 valves. Seeds brown, glabrous. Fl. Nov-Dec, fr. Oct. 2n = 30*, 90*.
● Forests, thickets; 500-1300 m. Anhui, N Fujian, E Hunan, E and W Jiangxi, Zhejiang.
 




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