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红皮糙果茶Camellia crapnelliana

时间:2013-11-09 22:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 红皮糙果茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia crapnelliana Tutch. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Camellia latilimba Hu Camellia multibracteata H. T. Chang
中文名(Chinese Name):红皮糙果茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia crapnelliana Tutch.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Camellia latilimba Hu  Camellia multibracteata H. T. Chang et Mo ex Mo  Camellia gigantocarpa Hu et T. C. Huang  Camellia octopetala Hu  Thea crapnelliana (Tutcher) Rehder
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科(Theaceae)山茶属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高5-7米,树皮红色,嫩枝无毛。叶硬革质,倒卵状椭圆形至椭圆形,长8-12厘米,宽4-5厘米,先端短尖,尖头钝,基部楔形,上面深绿色,下面灰绿色,无毛,侧脉约6对,在上面不明显,在下面明显突起,边缘有细钝齿,叶柄长6-10毫米,无毛。花顶生,单花,直径7-10厘米,近无柄;苞片3片,紧贴着萼片;萼片5片,倒卵形,长1-1.7厘米,宽2厘米,外侧有茸毛,脱落;花冠白色,长4-4.5厘米,花瓣6-8片,倒卵形,长3-4厘米,宽1-2.2厘米,基部连生约4-5毫米,最外侧1-2片近离生,基部稍厚,革质,背面有毛;雄蕊长1.2厘米,多轮,无毛,外轮花丝与花瓣连生约5毫米;子房有毛,花柱3条,长1.5厘米,有毛。胚珠每室4-6个。蒴果球形,直径6-10厘米,果皮厚1-2厘米,干后疏松多孔隙,3室,每室有种子3-5个。
分布(Distribution):产香港、广西、福建、江西及浙江。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 393, 396 
Camellia crapnelliana Tutcher, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 63. 1904.
红皮糙果茶 hong pi cao guo cha| Theaceae  | Camellia
Camellia gigantocarpa Hu & T. C. Huang; C. latilimba Hu; C. multibracteata Hung T. Chang; C. octopetala Hu; Thea crapnelliana (Tutcher) Rehder.
Shrubs or trees, 2-10 m tall. Year-old branchlets reddish brown; current year branchlets green, glabrous. Petiole 6-12 mm, glabrous, adaxially channeled; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 7-19 × 3-6 cm, rigidly leathery, abaxially pale green and brown glandular punctate, adaxially dark green, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially raised, and adaxially obscure, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin widely and obscurely denticulate, apex bluntly cuspidate. Flowers axillary or subterminal, solitary or paired, 4-10 cm in diam., subsessile. Bracteoles and sepals 7-13, ± persistent, semiorbicular to suborbicular, 0.3-2 cm, outside tawny tomentellate, inside glabrous. Petals 6-8, white, obovate to obovate-oblong, 3.5-6.5 × 2-4 cm, basally connate for 2-5 mm, apex rounded to emarginate. Stamens very numerous, 1.5-1.7 cm; filaments glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate for ca. 5 mm. Ovary ca. 2 mm in diam., densely tomentose, 3-5-loculed; styles 3-5, distinct, ca. 1.5 cm, basally pubescent to tomentose. Capsule grayish brown, subglobose, 5-7(-12) cm in diam., 3(-5)-loculed with 3-5 seeds per locule; pericarp 5-10 mm thick, woody, furfuraceous, splitting into 3-5 valves; columella persistent, thick. Seeds brown, semiglobose, 1.5-2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Dec-Jan, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 30*.
● Forests; 100-800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, S Guangxi, E Jiangxi, S Zhejiang.
 




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