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杜鹃红山茶Camellia azalea

时间:2013-11-09 22:00来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):杜鹃红山茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia azalea C. F. Wei 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 杜鹃叶山茶 异名( Synonym ): Camellia changii Ye 科属( Family Genus ): 山茶科
中文名(Chinese Name):杜鹃红山茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia azalea C. F. Wei
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):杜鹃叶山茶
异名(Synonym):Camellia changii Ye
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科(Theaceae)山茶属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2.5米高。幼枝淡灰褐色;当年小枝红棕色,无毛。叶柄6-10(—15)毫米,无毛;叶片倒卵形的到长倒卵形,5.5-12×2-4厘米,革质,背面浅绿色或带白霜,正面深绿色,两面无毛,中脉厚,两面突起,次脉6-8在中脉每边,细长,基部楔形,边缘全缘,稍外卷,先端宽钝到圆形,有时微缺。花近顶生,单生或数个聚生红色,蒴果。种子棕色,半球形。花期10月12月,果期8-9月。产广东阳春,生于海拔100-500米丘陵的森林中或河流边缘。
分布(Distribution):产我国广东、云南等地,现已引种栽培。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 403 
Camellia azalea C. F. Wei, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 6(4): 141. 1986.
杜鹃叶山茶 du juan ye shan cha| Theaceae  | Camellia
Camellia changii C. X. Ye.
Shrubs 1-2.5 m tall. Young branches grayish brown; current year branchlets reddish brown, glabrous. Petiole 6-10(-15) mm, glabrous; leaf blade obovate to long obovate, 5.5-12 × 2-4 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green or glaucescent, adaxially dark green, both surfaces glabrous, midvein thick and elevated on both surfaces, secondary veins 6-8 on each side of midvein, slender, and visible on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin entire and slightly revolute, apex broadly obtuse to rounded and sometimes emarginate. Flowers subterminal, solitary or to 5 in a cluster, 8-10 cm in diam., subsessile. Bracteoles and sepals 8-11; outer 3-6 bracteoles and sepals semiorbicular to broadly ovate, 3-8 mm; inner 5 bracteoles and sepals persistent, ovate, 1.5-2 cm, outside glabrous, inside silvery sericeous, margin ciliolate. Petals 6-9, roseate, nearly distinct, obovate to long obovate, 3-8.5 × 2-4.5 cm, basally attenuate, apex emarginate. Stamens 3.5-4 cm, in ca. 4 whorls, glabrous; outer filament whorl basally connate for 1.5-1.8 cm. Ovary ovoid, glabrous, 3(or 4)-loculed; style ca. 3.5 cm, glabrous, 3(or 4)-parted for ca. 1 cm. Capsule ovoid, 2-2.5 × ca. 2 cm, 3-loculed with 2 seeds per locule; pericarp ca. 2 mm thick when dry, smooth, glabrous, splitting into 3 valves. Seeds brown, semiglobose, 1.5-2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Oct-Dec, fr. Aug-Sep.
● Forests in hilly areas, among boulders by rivers; 100-500 m. Guangdong (Yangchun).
 




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