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大果木莲Manglietia grandis

时间:2013-10-15 13:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 大果木莲 学名( Scientific Name ): Manglietia grandis Hu et Cheng 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Magnolia grandis (Hu et W. C. Cheng) V. S. Kunar 科属( Fa
中文名(Chinese Name):大果木莲
学名(Scientific Name):Manglietia grandis Hu et Cheng
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Magnolia grandis (Hu et W. C. Cheng) V. S. Kunar
科属(Family & Genus):木兰科Magnoliaceae木莲属Manglietia
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达12米,小枝粗壮,淡灰色,无毛。叶革质,椭圆状长圆形或倒卵状长圆形,长20-35.5厘米,宽10-13厘米,先端钝尖或短突尖,基部阔楔形,两面无毛,上面有光泽,下面有乳头状突起,常灰白色,侧脉每边17-26条,干时两面网脉明显;叶柄长2.6-4厘米,托叶无毛,托叶痕约为叶柄的1/4。花红色,花被片12,外轮3片较薄,倒如状长圆形,长9-11厘米,具7-9条纵纹,内3轮肉质,倒卵状匙形,长8-12厘米,宽3-6厘米;雄蕊长1.4-1.6厘米,花药长约1.3厘米,药隔伸出约1毫米长的短尖头;雌蕊群卵圆形,长约4厘米,每心皮背面中肋凹至花柱顶端。聚合果长圆状卵圆形,长10-12厘米,果柄粗壮,直径1.3厘米,成熟蓇葖长3-4厘米,沿背缝线及腹缝线开裂,顶端尖,微内曲。花期5月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产于广西(靖西、那坡),云南(西畴县法斗、麻栗坡)。生于海拔1 200米山谷密林中
用途(Use):木材细致、耐久,供建筑及家具用材。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 7 Page 51, 53, 54
Manglietia grandis Hu & W. C. Cheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 158. 1951.
大果木莲 da guo mu lian | Magnoliaceae  | Manglietia
Magnolia grandis (Hu & W. C. Cheng) V. S. Kumar.
Trees, to 12 m tall. Twigs pale gray, thick and strong, glabrous. Stipules glabrous, scar ca. 1/4 as long as petiole. Petiole 2.6-4 cm; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 20-35.5 × 10-13 cm, leathery, glabrous, abaxially papillate, adaxially lucid, secondary veins 17-26 on each side of midvein and conspicuous when dry, base broadly cuneate, apex acute to cuspidate. Tepals 12, red; outer tepals thinner, obovate-oblong, 9-11 cm, 9-11-striated; innermost 3 tepals obovate-spoon-shaped, 8-12 × 3-6 cm, fleshy. Stamens 1.4-1.6 cm; connective with a ca. 1 mm mucro; anthers ca. 1.3 cm. Gynoecium ovoid, ca. 4 cm; carpels with midvein abaxially concave to apex of style. Fruiting brachyblasts thick and strong, ca. 1.3 cm in diam. Fruit ellipsoid-ovoid, 10-12 cm; mature carpels 3-4 cm, dehiscing along ventral sutures, apex acute and minutely incurved. Fl. May, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 38*.
● Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 800-1500 m. SW Guangxi, SE Yunnan.
This species is used for timber.






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