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红花木莲 Manglietia insignis

时间:2013-10-15 13:27来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):红花木莲 学名( Scientific Name ): Manglietia insignis (Wall.) Bl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ):红色木莲 异名( Synonym ): Magnolia insignis Wall. Magnolia shangpaensis Hu M
中文名(Chinese Name):红花木莲
学名(Scientific Name):Manglietia insignis (Wall.) Bl.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):红色木莲
异名(Synonym):Magnolia insignis Wall.  Magnolia shangpaensis Hu  Manglietia maguanica H. T. Chang et B. L. Chen  Magnolia insignis var. angustifolia (Hook. f. et Thomson) H. J. Chowdhery et P. Daniel  Magnolia insignis var. latifolia (Hook. f. et Thomson) H. J. Chowdhery et P. Daniel  Manglietia insignis var. angustifolia Hook. f. et Thomson  Manglietia insignis var. latifolia Hook. f. et Thomson  Manglietia rufisyncarpa Y. W. Law et al.  Manglietia yunnanensis Hu
科属(Family & Genus):木兰科(Magnoliaceae)木莲属
形态特征(Description):常绿乔木,高达30米,胸径40厘米;小枝无毛或幼嫩时在节上被锈色或黄褐毛柔毛。叶革质,倒披针形,长圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长10-26厘米,宽4-10厘米,先端渐尖或尾状渐尖,自2/3以下渐窄至基部,上面无毛,下面中脉具红褐色柔毛或散生平伏微毛;侧脉每边12-24条;叶柄长1.8-3.5厘米;托叶痕长0.5-1.2厘米。花芳香,花梗粗壮,直径8-10毫米,离花被片下约1厘米处具1苞片脱落环痕,花被片9-12,外轮3片褐色,腹面染红色或紫红色,倒卵状长圆形长约7厘米,向外反曲,中内轮6-9片,直立,乳白色染粉红色,倒卵状匙形,长5-7厘米,1/4以下渐狭成爪;雄蕊长10-18毫米,两药室稍分离,药隔伸出成三角尖,花丝与药隔伸出部分近等长;雌蕊群圆柱形,长5-6厘米,心皮无声,露出背面具浅沟。聚合果鲜时紫红色,卵状长圆形,长7-12厘米;蓇葖背缝全裂,具乳头状突起。花期5-6月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产湖南、广西、四川、贵州、云南、西藏,生于海拔900-1200米的林间。尼泊尔、印度、缅甸也有。
用途(Use):木材为家具等优良用材;花色美丽,可作庭园观赏树种。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 7 Page 51, 53, 56
Manglietia insignis (Wallich) Blume, Fl. Javae. 19-20(Magnoliaceae): 23. 1829.
红花木莲 hong hua mu lian | Magnoliaceae  | Manglietia
Magnolia insignis Wallich, Tent. Fl. Napal. 3. 1824; M. insignis var. angustifolia (J. D. Hooker & Thomson) H. J. Chowdhery & P. Daniel; M. insignis var. latifolia (J. D. Hooker & Thomson) H. J. Chowdhery & P. Daniel; M. shangpaensis Hu; Manglietia insignis var. angustifolia J. D. Hooker & Thomson; M. insignis var. latifolia J. D. Hooker & Thomson; M. maguanica Hung T. Chang & B. L. Chen; M. rufisyncarpa Y. W. Law et al.; M. yunnanensis Hu.
Trees, to 30 m tall, to 20 cm d.b.h. Twigs glabrous or nodes ferruginous to yellowish brown pubescent when young. Stipular scar 0.5-1.2 cm. Petiole 1.8-3.5 cm; leaf blade narrowly ovate or elliptic, 10-26 × 4-10 cm, leathery, adaxially glabrous, midvein abaxially reddish brown pubescent or scattered appressed hispidulous, basal ca. 2/3 tapered to base, apex acuminate to caudate-acuminate. Brachyblasts thick and strong, 8-10 mm in diam.; bract scar 1, ca. 1 cm basal to tepals. Flowers fragrant. Tepals 9-12; outer 3 tepals abaxially brown and adaxially reddish to purplish red, obovate-oblong, ca. 7 cm, curved outward; middle and inner tepals milky whitish pink, obovate-spatulate, 5-7 cm, erect, basal ca. 1/4 tapered and clawed. Stamens 1-1.8 cm; filaments nearly as long as exserted part of connective; connective exserted and forming a triangular mucro; thecae slightly distinct. Gynoecium terete, 5-6 cm; carpels glabrous, abaxially shallowly furrowed. Fruit purplish red when fresh, ovoid-ellipsoid, 7-12 cm; mature carpels tuberculate, completely dehiscing along dorsal sutures. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 38.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests; 900-1200 m. Guangxi, Guizhou, SW Hunan, SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [NE India, N Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].
Manglietia carimina Y. W. Law & R. Z. Zhou, M. laojunia Y. W. Law & R. Z. Zhou, M. malipoensis S. C. Yang & Y. W. Law, M. miechangensis Y. W. Law & D. X. Li, M. nucifera D. X. Li & R. Z. Zhou, M. paruicula Y. W. Law & R. Z. Zhou, M. tengchongensis S. C. Yang & Y. W. Law, and M. zhengkangensis R. Z. Zhou & D. X. Li (in Y. H. Liu, Magnolias China, 126, 158, 166, 173, 176, 184, 196, 204. 2004) belong here but were not validly published because no Latin descriptions or diagnoses were provided and no types were indicated (Vienna Code, Art. 36.1 and 37.1).
This species is grown as an ornamental and used for timber.




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