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黄檀Dalbergia hupeana

时间:2018-08-14 09:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄檀 学名( Scientific Name ): Dalbergia hupeana Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 白檀、檀树 异名( Synonym ): Dalbergia sacerdotum Prain 科属( Family Genus ): 豆科(L
中文名(Chinese Name):黄檀
学名(Scientific Name):Dalbergia hupeana Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):白檀、檀树
异名(Synonym):Dalbergia sacerdotum Prain
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae 黄檀属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高10-20米;树皮暗灰色,呈薄片状剥落。幼枝淡绿色,无毛。羽状复叶长15-25厘米;小叶3-5对,近革质,椭圆形至长圆状椭圆形,长3.5-6厘米,宽2.5-4厘米,先端钝.或稍凹入,基部圆形或阔楔形,两面无毛,细脉隆起,上面有光泽。圆锥花序顶生或生于最上部的叶腋间,连总花梗长15-20厘米,径10-20厘米,疏被锈色短柔毛;花密集,长6-7毫米;花梗长约5毫米,与花萼同疏被锈色柔毛;基生和副萼状小苞片卵形,被柔毛,脱落;花萼钟状,长2-3毫米,萼齿5,上方2枚阔圆形,近合生,侧方的卵形,最下一枚披针形,长为其余4枚之倍;花冠白色或淡紫色,长倍于花萼,各瓣均具柄,旗瓣圆形,先端微缺,翼瓣倒卵形,龙骨瓣关月形,与翼瓣内侧均具耳;雄蕊10,成5+5的二体;子房具短柄,除基部与子房柄外,无毛,胚珠2-3粒,花柱纤细,柱头小,头状。荚果长圆形或阔舌状,长4-7厘米,宽13-15毫米,顶端急尖,基部渐狭成果颈,果瓣薄革质,对种子部分有网纹,有1-2 (-3)粒种子;种子肾形,长7-14毫米,宽5-9毫米。花期5-7月。
分布(Distribution):产山东、江苏、安徽、浙江、江西、福建、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南。生于海拔600-1400米山地林中或灌丛中。
用途(Use):木材黄色或白色,材质坚密,能耐强力冲撞,常用作车轴、榨油机轴心、各种工具柄等;根药用,可治疗疮。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 121, 129
Dalbergia hupeana Hance, J. Bot. 20: 5. 1882.
黄檀 huang tan| Fabaceae  | Dalbergia
Dalbergia hupeana var. bauhiniifolia Pampanini; D. sacer­dotum Prain.
Trees, 10-20 m tall. Bark dull gray; young shoots pale green, glabrous. Leaves 15-25 cm; leaflets 7-11, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 3.5-6 × 2.5-4 cm, subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, shiny adaxially, veinlets prominent, base rounded or broadly cuneate, apex obtuse or slightly emarginate. Panicles terminal or extending into axils of uppermost leaves, 15-20 × 10-20 cm, sparsely rusty puberulent. Flowers 6-7 mm. Ped­icel ca. 5 mm, sparsely rusty puberulent as calyx; bracts and bracteoles deciduous, ovate, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 2-3 mm, 5-toothed; upper pair of teeth rounded, subconnate, lateral 2 smaller, ovate, lowest tooth lanceolate, ca. 2 × as long as others. Corolla white or light purple; petals clawed; standard orbicular, emarginate; wings obovate and half-moon-shaped; keel auriculate on upper side below. Stamens 10, dia­delphous (5+5). Ovary shortly stipitate, glabrous except at base and stipe, 2- or 3-ovuled; style slender; stigma capitate, small. Legume oblong or broadly ligulate, 4-7 × 1.3-1.5 cm, thinly leathery, reticulate opposite 1 or 2(or 3) seeds, base attenuate to stipe, apex acute. Seeds reniform, 7-14 × 5-9 mm. Fl. May-Jul.
● Forests, among bushes on mountain slopes, ravines, by streams, woodland slopes; 800-1400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.





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