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刺叶高山栎Quercus spinosa

时间:2013-09-11 10:39来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):刺叶高山栎 学名( Scientific Name ): Quercus spinosa David. ex Franch. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Quercus gilliana Rehd. et Wils. Quercus semecarpifolia
中文名(Chinese Name):刺叶高山栎
学名(Scientific Name):Quercus spinosa David. ex Franch.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Quercus gilliana Rehd. et Wils.  Quercus semecarpifolia var. spinosa (David ex Franch.) Schottky  Quercus ilex var. spinosa (David ex Franch.) Franch.  Quercus bullata Seemen  Quercus spinosa var. miyabei Hayata  Quercus taiyunensis Ling  Quercus tatakaensis Tomiya 
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)栎属
形态特征(Description):常绿乔木或灌木,高达15米。小枝幼时被黄色星状毛,后渐脱落。叶面皱褶不平,叶片倒卵形、椭圆形,长2.5-7厘米,宽1.5-4厘米,顶端圆钝,基部圆形或心形,叶缘有刺状锯齿或全缘,幼叶两面被腺状单毛和束毛,老叶仅叶背中脉下段被灰黄色星状毛,其余无毛,中脉、侧脉在叶面均凹陷,中脉之字形曲折,侧脉每边4-8条;叶柄长2-3毫米。雄花序长4-6厘米,花序轴被疏毛;雌花序长1-3厘米。壳斗杯形,包着坚果1/4-1/3,直径1-1.5厘米,高6-9毫米;小苞片三角形,长1-1.5毫米,排列紧密。坚果卵形至椭圆形,直径1-1.3厘米,高1.6-2厘米。花期5-6月,果期翌年9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、甘肃、江西、福建、台湾、湖北、四川、贵州、云南等省。生于海拔900-3 000米的山坡、山谷森林中,常生于岩石裸露的峭壁上。缅甸也有分布。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 376
Quercus spinosa David ex Franchet, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2. 7: 84. 1884.
刺叶栎 ci ye gao shan li | Fagaceae  | Quercus
Quercus bullata Seemen; Q. gilliana Rehder & E. H. Wilson; Q. ilex Linnaeus var. spinosa (David ex Franchet) Franchet; Q. semecarpifolia Smith var. spinosa (David ex Franchet) Schottky; Q. spinosa var. miyabei Hayata; Q. taiyunensis Ling; Q. tatakaensis Tomiya.
Trees 6-10(-20) m tall, evergreen. Young branchlets with yellowish brown stellate hairs, glabrescent. Petiole 1-3 mm; leaf blade obovate to elliptic, 2.5-7(-16) × 1.5-4 cm, rugose or smooth, with glandular simple and fascicled hairs when young, abaxially glabrescent but often some hairs remaining on base of midvein, adaxially glabrescent, base rounded to cordate, margin with spiniform teeth or entire, apex rounded to obtuse (sometimes acute to acuminate in Taiwan); midvein and secondary veins adaxially impressed; midvein flexuous; secondary veins 4-8 on each side of midvein; tertiary veins abaxially evident. Female inflorescences 1-3 cm. Cupule cupular, 4-9 × 7-15 mm, enclosing 1/4-1/2 of nut; bracts triangular to triangular-ovate, 1-1.5 mm, crowded, gray pubescent except for apex. Nut ovoid to ellipsoid, 1.2-2 × 0.7-1.3 cm; scar ca. 5 mm in diam.; stylopodium ca. 1 mm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Sep-Dec of following year.
Montane forests; 900-3100 m. Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [Myanmar]
Quercus tatakaensis Tomiya (Q. spinosa var. miyabei Hayata) has been named for plants from mountains of Taiwan with leaf blades 6.5-16 cm and leaf blade apices acute to acuminate. These plants grow in populations with typical Q. spinosa, and their status needs further study.


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