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栓皮栎Quercus variabilis

时间:2013-09-11 10:40来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):栓皮栎 学名( Scientific Name ): Quercus variabilis Bl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Quercus variabilis var. pyramidalis T. B. Chao, Z. I. Chang et W. C.
中文名(Chinese Name):栓皮栎
学名(Scientific Name): Quercus variabilis Bl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym): Quercus variabilis var. pyramidalis T. B. Chao, Z. I. Chang et W. C. Li  Quercus variabilis var. megaphylla T. B. Chao  Quercus bungeana F. B. Forbes  Quercus moulei Hance  Pasania variabilis (Blume) Regel  Quercus serrata var. chinensis Wenz.  Quercus variabilis var. zhongtiaoensis D.F.Ke & X.M.Liu
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)栎属
形态特征(Description):落叶乔木,高达30米,胸径达1米以上,树皮黑褐色,深纵裂,木栓层发达。小枝灰棕色,无毛;芽圆锥形,芽鳞褐色,具缘毛。叶片卵状披针形或长椭圆形,长8-15 (-20) 厘米,宽2-6 (-8) 厘米,顶端渐尖,基部圆形或宽楔形,叶缘具刺芒状锯齿,叶背密被灰白色星状绒毛,侧脉每边13-18条,直达齿端;叶柄长1-3 (-5)厘米,无毛。雄花序长达14厘米,花序轴密被褐色绒毛,花被4-6裂,雄蕊10枚或较多;雌花序生于新枝上端叶腋,花柱30壳斗杯形,包着坚果2/3,连小苞片直径2.5-4厘米,高约1.5厘米;小苞片钻形,反曲,被短毛。坚果近球形或宽卵形,高、径约1.5厘米,顶端圆,果脐突起。花期3-4月,果期翌年9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、河北、山西、陕西、甘肃、山东、江苏、安徽、浙江、江西、福建、台湾、河南、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南等省区。华北地区通常生于海拔800米以下的阳坡,西南地区可达海拔2 000-3 000米。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 372 
Quercus variabilis Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 297. 1850.
栓皮栎 shuan pi li| Fagaceae  | Quercus
Quercus bungeana F. B. Forbes; Q. chinensis Bunge (1833), not Abel (1818); Q. variabilis var. megaphylla T. B. Chao; Q. variabilis var. pyramidalis T. B. Chao & al.
Trees to 30 m tall, deciduous. Branchlets grayish brown, glabrous. Petiole 1-3(-5) cm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 8-15(-20) × 2-6(-8) cm, abaxially densely grayish stellate tomentose, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin with spiniform teeth, apex acuminate; secondary veins 13-18 on each side of midvein; tertiary veins abaxially slender, evident, ± parallel. Female inflorescences axillary on apical part of young shoot. Cupule cupular, ca. 1.5 × 2.5-4 cm including bracts, enclosing 2/3 of nut; bracts subulate, inflexed, pilose. Nut subglobose to broadly ovoid, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., apex rounded, pale brown sericeous; scar ca. 1 cm in diam., raised; stylopodium ca. 2 mm in diam., pale brown tomentose. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Sep-Oct of following year.
Evergreen and deciduous forests; below 3000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea]




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