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枹栎Quercus serrata

时间:2013-09-11 10:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):枹栎 学名( Scientific Name ): Quercus serrata Thunb. 英文名( English Common Name ): bao li 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 枹树 异名( Synonym ): Quercus serrata var. brevipetiolata (A. DC.) Nakai Quercus
中文名(Chinese Name):枹栎
学名(Scientific Name):Quercus serrata Thunb.
英文名(English Common Name):bao li
别名(Chinese Common Name):枹树
异名(Synonym):Quercus serrata var. brevipetiolata (A. DC.) Nakai  Quercus serrata var. tomentosa (B. C. Ding et T. B. Chao) Y. C. Hsu et H. W. Jen  Quercus glandulifera var. brevipetiolata (A. DC.) Nakai  Quercus glandulifera var. stellatopilosa W. H. Zhang  Quercus glandulifera var. tomentosa B. C. Ding et T. B. Chao  Quercus urticifolia var. brevipetiolata A. DC.  Quercus glandulifera Blume  Quercus ningqiangensis S. Z. Qu et W. H. Zhang  Quercus serrata f. concolor (Sugim.) H.Ohba
科属Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)栎属
形态特征Description):落叶乔木,高达25米,树皮灰褐色,深纵裂。幼枝被柔毛,不久即脱落;冬芽长卵形,长5-7毫米,芽鳞多数,棕色,无毛或有极少毛。叶片薄革质,倒卵形或倒卵状椭圆形,长7-17厘米,宽3-9厘米,顶端渐尖或急尖,基部楔形或近圆形,叶缘有腺状锯齿,幼时被伏贴单毛,老时及叶背被平伏单毛或无毛,侧脉每边7-12条;叶柄长1-3厘米,无毛。雄花序长8-12厘米,花序轴密被白毛,雄蕊8;雌花序长1.5-3厘米。壳斗杯状,包着坚果1/4-1/3,直径1-1.2厘米,高5-8毫米;小苞片长三角形,贴生,边缘具柔毛。坚果卵形至卵圆形,直径0.8-1.2厘米,高1.7-2厘米,果脐平坦。花期3-4月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、山西、陕西、甘肃、山东、江苏、安徽、河南、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南等省区。生于海拔200-2000 米的山地或沟谷林中。日本、朝鲜也有。
用途(Use):木材坚硬,供建筑,车辆等用材;种子富含淀粉,供酿酒和作饮料;树皮可提取栲胶,叶可饲养柞蚕。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 374
Quercus serrata Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 858. 1784.
枹栎 bao li  | Fagaceae  | Quercus
Quercus glandulifera Blume; Q. glandulifera var. brevipetiolata (A. de Candolle) Nakai; Q. glandulifera var. stellatopilosa W. H. Zhang; Q. glandulifera var. tomentosa B. C. Ding & T. B. Chao; Q. ningqiangensis S. Z. Qu & W. H. Zhang; Q. serrata var. brevipetiolata (A. de Candolle) Nakai; Q. serrata var. tomentosa (B. C. Ding & T. B. Chao) Y. C. Hsu & W. Jen; Q. urticifolia Blume var. brevipetiolata A. de Candolle.
Trees to 25 m tall, deciduous. Leaves subsessile to petiolate; petiole to 3 cm, glabrous or glabrescent; leaf blade narrowly elliptic-ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or obovate, (5-)7-17 × (1.5-)3-9 cm, thinly leathery, with adherent single hairs when young, abaxially glabrous or occasionally stellate tomentose, base cuneate to nearly rounded, margin glandular serrate, apex acuminate to acute; secondary veins 7-12 on each side of midvein. Female inflorescences 1.5-3 cm. Cupule cupular, 5-8 mm × 1-1.2 cm, enclosing 1/4-1/3 of nut; bracts triangular, adherent, margin pilose. Nut ovoid to ovoid-globose, 1.7-2 × 0.8-1.2 cm; scar 5-6 mm in diam., flat; stylopodium ca. 1 mm in diam. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Sep-Oct.
Deciduous forests; below 100-2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, S Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea]
Quercus monnula Y. C. Hsu & H. W. Jen (Acta Bot. Yunnan. 1(1): 148. 1979), from Sichuan, is probably a hybrid between Quercus serrata and Q. aliena.




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