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淋漓锥Castanopsis uraiana

时间:2013-09-11 10:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 淋漓锥 学名( Scientific Name ): Castanopsis uraiana (Hayata) Kanehira et Hatusima 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 乌来柯 异名( Synonym ): Limlia uraiana (Hayata) Masam. et
中文名(Chinese Name):淋漓锥
学名(Scientific Name):Castanopsis uraiana (Hayata) Kanehira et Hatusima
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):乌来柯
异名(Synonym):Limlia uraiana (Hayata) Masam. et Tomiya  Lithocarpus uraiana (Hayata) Hayata  Pasania uraiana (Hayata) Schottky  Quercus uraiana Hayata  Quercus randaiensis Hayata  Quercus paohangii Chun et Tsiang  Shiia uraiana (Hayata) Kaneh. et Hatus. ex Kaneh.  Synaedrys uraiana (Hayata) Koidz.
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)锥属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达20米,胸径80厘米,树皮浅裂,嫩枝常有稀疏短柔毛及细片状腊鳞,皮孔散生。叶二列,叶片略硬纸质,卵状椭圆形、卵形或披针形,长7-13厘米,宽1.5-3.5厘米,顶部常弯向一侧的长渐尖,基部一侧偏斜且较短,两侧甚不对称,叶缘有裂齿或有时兼有全缘叶,中脉在叶面平坦或微凹陷,或下半段微凸起,侧脉每边7-10条,颇纤细,嫩叶叶背有棕或淡红棕色紧实的腊鳞层,成长叶背面带苍灰色或淡黄灰色;叶柄长7-15毫米。雄穗状花序初时直立,盛花时半下垂,有时多穗排成圆锥花序;花被裂片内面被疏柔毛,雄蕊8-12枚;雌花的花柱3枚,甚短。果序长5-10厘米,壳斗有坚果1个,浅杯状,高5-6毫米,口径7-12毫米,包着坚果1/3-1/4,小苞片鳞片状,三角形或卵形,紧贴,覆瓦状排列,被灰黄色微柔毛;坚果阔圆锥形,高7-12毫米,宽3-5毫米,子叶平凸,味涩。花期3-5月,果次年9-10月成熟。
分布(Distribution):。产台湾、福建、江西及湖南二省南部、广东东部及北部、广西东北部。见于海拔500-1 500米山地常绿阔叶林或沿河溪两岸疏林中。在福建戴云山附近的低丘陵地区有小片纯林。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 321 
Castanopsis uraiana (Hayata) Kanehira & Hatusima, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan. 29: 155. 1939.
淋漓锥 lin li zhui| Fagaceae  | Castanopsis
Quercus uraiana Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 299. 1911; Limlia uraiana (Hayata) Masamune & Tomiya; Lithocarpus uraiana (Hayata) Hayata; Pasania uraiana (Hayata) Schottky; Q. paohangii Chun & Tsiang; Q. randaiensis Hayata; Shiia uraiana (Hayata) Kanehira & Hatusima; Synaedrys uraiana (Hayata) Koidzumi.
Trees. Young shoots often sparsely puberulent and with small, lamellate, waxy scalelike trichomes or glabrous, sparsely lenticellate. Leaves distichous; petiole 0.7-1.5 cm; leaf blade ovate-elliptic, ovate, lanceolate, or sometimes obovate, 7-13 × 2-3 cm, papery, abaxially covered with brown to reddish brown, tight, waxy scalelike trichomes when young but grayish brown to nearly concolorous with age, base attenuate and inaequilateral, margin apically sparsely serrate or entire, apex slightly pointed, acute, or caudate and often bent to 1 side; midvein adaxially flat to slightly impressed or from middle to apex slightly raised; secondary veins 7-12 on each side of midvein, very slender, evident. Infructescences 5-10 cm; rachis ca. 2 mm thick, sparsely gray lenticellate. Cupule shallowly cupular, 5-6 × 7-12 mm, enclosing 1/4-1/3 of nut, wall less than 1 mm thick; bracts reduced to scales, triangular to ovate, adnate, imbricate, dusky puberulent. Nut 1 per cupule, broadly conical, 0.7-1.5 cm; scar basal, 5-6 mm in diam. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Sep-Oct of following year.
* Broad-leaved evergreen forests; 400-1500 m. Fujian, E to N Guangdong, NE Guangxi, S Hunan, S Jiangxi, Taiwan


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