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毛椎Castanopsis fordii

时间:2018-06-27 12:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):毛椎 学名( Scientific Name ): Castanopsis fordii Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛槠 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 壳斗科(Fagaceae)锥属 形态特征( Descr
中文名(Chinese Name):毛椎
学名(Scientific Name):Castanopsis fordii Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛槠
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)锥属
形态特征(Description):乔木,通常高8-15米,大树高达30米,胸径约1米,老树的树皮纵深裂且甚厚,芽鳞、一年生枝、叶柄、叶背及花序轴均密被棕色或红褐色稍粗糙的长绒毛,二年生枝的毛较少。托叶宽卵形,宽达7毫米,顶端略钝,有多数的纵细脉,常较迟脱落。叶革质,长椭圆形或长圆形,或兼有倒披针状长椭圆形,长9-18厘米,宽3-6厘米,顶端急尖,或甚短尖,稀圆形,基部心形或浅耳垂状,少有圆形,全缘,很少在顶部叶缘有甚浅裂的1-3个细裂齿或浅波浪状,中脉在叶面明显凹陷,侧脉每边14-18条,稀较少,在叶面裂缝状凹陷,网状叶脉明显或纤细,叶背红棕色(嫩叶),棕灰色或灰白色(成长叶);叶柄粗而短,长2-5毫米。雄穗状花序常多穗排成圆锥花序,花密集,花被裂片内面被短柔毛,雄蕊12枚,雌花的花被裂片密被毛,花柱3枚,长不及1毫米。果序长6-12厘米,果序轴与其着生的枝约等粗,横切面径达12毫米;壳斗密聚于果序轴上,每壳斗有坚果1个,连刺径50-60毫米,整齐的4、很少兼有5瓣开裂,刺长10-20毫米,在下部合生成多束,被短柔毛,壳壁厚3-4毫米,外壁为密刺完全遮蔽;坚果扁圆锥形,高12-15毫米,横径15-20毫米,密被伏毛,果脐占坚果面积约1/3。花期3-4月,果次年9-10月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、江西、福建、湖南、广东、广西。生于海拔约1200米以下山地灌木或乔木林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 323
Castanopsis fordii Hance, J. Bot. 22: 230. 1884.
南领栲 mao zhui  | Fagaceae  | Castanopsis
Trees; bud scales, young shoots, petioles, leaf blades abaxially, and rachis of inflorescences densely covered with brown to reddish brown, slightly rough long tomentum. Petiole 1-3(-5) mm, usually tapering toward apex; leaf blade oblong, lanceolate, or oblanceolate-oblong, 9-18 × 3-7 cm, leathery, abaxially reddish brown when young but grayish brown to grayish with age, base cordate, shallowly auriculate, or rarely rounded, margin entire and revolute, apex acute, mucronate, or rarely rounded; midvein adaxially prominently impressed; secondary veins 14-18 on each side of midvein or fewer. Infructescences dense, 6-12 cm. Cupule 5-6 cm in diam., splitting into 4(or 5) regular segments, wall 3-4 mm thick; bracts spinelike, entirely covering cupule, 1-2 cm, pubescent, base connate into many bundles. Nut 1 per cupule, ± conical, 1.2-1.5 × 1.5-2 cm, densely pubescent; scar covering ca. 1/3 of nut. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Sep-Oct of following year.
* Broad-leaved evergreen forests; below 1200 m. S Fujian, Guangdong, SE Guangxi, S Hunan, S Jiangxi, S Zhejiang







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