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春兰Cymbidium goeringii

时间:2013-10-23 17:13来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):春兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium goeringii (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium formosanum Hayata Cymbidium tentyozanense Ma
中文名(Chinese Name):春兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium goeringii (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium formosanum Hayata  Cymbidium tentyozanense Masam.  Cymbidium forrestii Rolfe  Cymbidium chuan-lan C. H. Chow  Maxillaria goeringii Rchb. f.  Cymbidium pseudovirens Schltr.  Cymbidium yunnanense Schltr.  Cymbidium goeringii var. formosanum (Hayata) S. S. Ying  Cymbidium goeringii var. papyriflorum Y. S. Wu  Cymbidium virens Rchb.f.
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)兰属
形态特征(Description):地生植物;假鳞茎较小,卵球形,长1-2.5厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,包藏于叶基之内。叶4-7枚,带形,通常较短小,长20-40(-60)厘米,宽5-9毫米,下部常多少对折而呈V形,边缘无齿或具细齿。花葶从假鳞茎基部外侧叶腋中抽出,直立,长3-15 (-20)厘米,极罕更高,明显短于叶;花序具单朵花,极罕2朵;花苞片长而宽,一般长4-5厘米,多少围抱子房;花梗和子房长2-4厘米;花色泽变化较大,通常为绿色或淡褐黄色而有紫褐色脉纹,有香气;萼片近长圆形至长圆状倒卵形,长2.5-4厘米,宽8-12毫米;花瓣倒卵状椭圆形至长圆状卵形,长1.7-3厘米,与萼片近等宽,展开或多少围抱蕊柱;唇瓣近卵形,长1.4-2.8厘米,不明显3裂;侧裂片直立,具小乳突,在内侧靠近纵褶片处各有1个肥厚的皱褶状物;中裂片较大,强烈外弯,上面亦有乳突,边缘略呈波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片从基部上方延伸中裂片基部以上,上部向内倾斜并靠合,多少形成短管状;蕊柱长1.2-1.8厘米,两侧有较宽的翅;花粉团4个,成2对。蒴果狭椭圆形,长6-8厘米,宽2-3厘米。花期1-3月。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 260, 263, 275, 276,277
Cymbidium goeringii (H. G. Reichenbach) H. G. Reichenbach, Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 547. 1852.
春兰 chun lan       | Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Maxillaria goeringii H. G. Reichenbach, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 334. 1845; Cymbidium formosanum Hayata; C. formosanum f. albiflorum S. S. Ying; C. forrestii Rolfe; C. goeringii f. albiflorum (S. S. Ying) S. S. Ying; C. goeringii var. formosanum (Hayata) S. S. Ying; C. goeringii var. papyriflorum Y. S. Wu; C. pseudovirens Schlechter; C. tentyozanense Masamune; C. uniflorum T. K. Yen (1964), not L. J. Chen, L. Q. Li & Z. J. Liu (2007); C. virens H. G. Reichenbach; C. virescens Lindley; C. yunnanense Schlechter.
Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ovoid, small, 1-2.5 × 1-1.5 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 4-7, lorate, 20-40(-60) × 0.5-0.9 cm, articulate toward base, margin usually slightly serrate. Inflorescence arising from near base of pseudobulb, erect, usually 2-5 cm, shorter than leaves; rachis usually 1-flowered; floral bracts 40-50 × 7-10 mm, exceeding ovary, loosely embracing ovary. Flowers scented, variable in color, usually yellowish green with purplish brown venation, sometimes olive-green, membranous; pedicel and ovary 20-40 mm. Sepals suboblong to oblong-obovate, 25-40 × 8-12 mm, apex obtuse to acute. Petals spreading forward or loosely embracing column, obovate-elliptic to oblong-ovate, 17-30 × 8-12 mm; lip subovate, 14-28 mm, obscurely 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, not fused to basal margins of column; mid-lobe strongly recurved, broadly ovate, 7-10 × 7-10 mm, margin slightly undulate; disk minutely papillate, with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe; lamellae convergent in apical half and forming a short tube. Column 12-18 mm, broadly winged; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.
Rocky slopes, forest margins, open places in forests; 300-2200(-3000) m. Anhui, N Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, NW India, Japan, Korea].









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