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小斑叶兰Goodyera repens

时间:2013-12-07 15:16作者:徐晔春 点击: 次 标签: 兰科 Orchidaceae 斑叶兰属 Goodyera
  中文名(Chinese Name):小斑叶兰
学名(Scientific Name):Goodyera repens (Linn.) R. Br.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):袖珍斑叶兰、台湾兰科植物、匍枝斑叶兰、南投斑叶兰
异名(Synonym):Goodyera mairei Schltr.  Goodyera marginata Lindl.  Goodyera nantoensis Hayata  Goodyera brevis Schltr. ex Limpr.  Goodyera repens var. marginata (Lindl.) T. Tang et F. T. Wang  Orchiodes marginatum (Lindl.) Kuntze  Orchiodes resupinatum Kuntze  Orchiodes repens (L.) Kuntze  Serapias repens (L.) Vill.  Tussaca secunda Raf.  Satyrium hirsutum Gilib.  Peramium nantoense (Hayata) Makino  Peramium repens (L.) Salisb.  Peramium secundum (Raf.) House  Elasmatium repens (L.) Dulac  Epipactis repens (L.) Crantz  Gonogona repens (L.) Link  Goodyera ophioides (Fernald) Rydb.  Epipactis repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.A.Eaton  Goodyera pubescens var. repens (L.) Alph.Wood  Goodyera repens subsp. ophioides (Fernald) Á.Löve & W.Simon  Peramium repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.Heller  Goodyera repens var. japonica Nakai  Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald  Goodyera repens f. ophioides (Fernald) P.M.Br.  Tussaca repens (L.) Raf.
科属Family & Genus):兰科Orchidaceae斑叶兰属Goodyera
形态特征Description):植株高10-25厘米。根状茎伸长,茎状,匍匐,具节。茎直立,绿色,具5-6枚叶。叶片卵形或卵状椭圆形,长1-2厘米,宽5-15毫米,上面深绿色具白色斑纹,背面淡绿色,先端急尖,基部钝或宽楔形,具柄,叶柄长5-10毫米,基部扩大成抱茎的鞘。花茎直立或近直立,被白色腺状柔毛,具3-5枚鞘状苞片;总状花序具几朵至10余朵、密生、多少偏向一侧的花,长4-15厘米;花苞片披针形,长5毫米,先端渐尖;子房圆柱状纺锤形,连花梗长4毫米,被疏的腺状柔毛;花小,白色或带绿色或带粉红色,半张开;萼片背面被或多或少腺状柔毛,具1脉,中萼片卵形或卵状长圆形,长3-4毫米,宽1.2-1.5毫米,先端钝,与花瓣粘合呈兜状;侧萼片斜卵形、卵状椭圆形,长3-4毫米,宽1.5-2.5毫米,先端钝;花瓣斜匙形,无毛,长3-4毫米,宽1-1.5毫米,先端钝,具1脉;唇瓣卵形,长3-3.5毫米,基部凹陷呈囊状,宽2-2.5毫米,内面无毛,前部短的舌状,略外弯;蕊柱短,长1-1.5毫米;蕊喙直立,长1.5毫米,叉状2裂;柱头1个,较大,位于蕊喙之下。花期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产黑龙江、吉林、辽宁、内蒙古、河北、山西、陕西、甘肃、青海、新疆、安徽、台湾、河南、湖北、湖南、四川、云南、西藏。生于海拔700-3800米的山坡、沟谷林下。日本、朝鲜半岛、俄罗斯西伯利亚至欧洲、缅甸、印度、不丹至克什米尔地区、北美洲的一些国家也有。
用途(Use):本种全草民间作药用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 46, 48
Goodyera repens (Linnaeus) R. Brown in W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew., ed. 2. 5: 198. 1813.
小斑叶兰 xiao ban ye lan| Orchidaceae  | Goodyera
Satyrium repens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 945. 1753; Elasmatium repens (Linnaeus) Dulac; Epipactis chinensis (Schlechter) Hu; E. mairei (Schlechter) Hu (1925), not Schlechter (1919); E. repens (Linnaeus) Crantz; Gonogona repens (Linnaeus) Link; Goodyera brevis Schlechter; G. chinensis Schlechter; G. mairei Schlechter; G. marginata Lindley; G. nantoensis Hayata; G. pubescens R. Brown var. repens (Linnaeus) Alph. Wood; G. repens var. marginata (Lindley) Tang & F. T. Wang; Neottia repens (Linnaeus) Swartz; Orchiodes marginata (Lindley) Kuntze; O. repens (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Orchis repens (Linnaeus) Eyster ex Poiret; Peramium nantoense (Hayata) Makino; P. repens (Linnaeus) Salisbury; Serapias repens (Linnaeus) Villars.
Plants terrestrial, 8-20 cm tall. Rhizome slender, many noded. Stem ascending, 1-4 cm, 4-6-leaved. Leaves subrosulate at base of stem, abaxially pale green, adaxially deep green with white venation, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 1-3 × 0.5-1.5 cm, base obtuse or broadly cuneate, apex acute; petiole-like base and tubular sheath 1-1.5 cm. Peduncle pale grayish green, 5-12 cm, pubescent, with 2-5 sterile bracts; rachis 1-5.5 cm, subdensely 5-20-flowered, secund; floral bracts lanceolate, 3-5 mm, pubescent, apex acuminate. Flowers opening weakly, white, tinged with green, small; pedicel and ovary cylindric-fusiform, 3-5 mm, sparsely pubescent. Sepals sparsely pubescent on outer surface, 1-veined; dorsal sepal ovate to ovate-oblong, 3-4 × 1.2-1.5 mm, apex obtuse; lateral sepals ovate to ovate-elliptic, oblique, 3-4 × 1.5-2.5 mm, apex obtuse. Petals spatulate, oblique, 3-4 × 1-1.5 mm, 1-veined, apex obtuse; lip ovate, 3-3.5 × 2-2.5 mm; hypochile concave-saccate, inside papillose; epichile ligulate, ca. 1.5 mm, slightly recurved. Column 1-1.5 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug. 2n = 30, 32, 40.
Forests along valleys; 700-3800 m. Anhui, N Fujian, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia; Europe, North America].
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(28)
36.8%
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(48)
63.2%
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