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多花兰Cymbidium floribundum

时间:2013-10-23 17:12来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):多花兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium floribundum Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium floribundum var. pumilum (Rolfe) Y. S. Wu et S. C. Ch
中文名(Chinese Name):多花兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium floribundum Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium floribundum var. pumilum (Rolfe) Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen  Cymbidium illiberale Hayata  Cymbidium pumilum Rolfe  Cymbidium pumilum f. virescens Makino  Cymbidium floribundum f. virescens (Makino) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 
多花兰 Cymbidium floribundum Lindl.
科属(Family & Genus):兰科Orchidaceae兰属Cymbidium
形态特征(Description):附生植物;假鳞茎近卵球形,长2.5-3.5厘米,宽2-3厘米,稍压扁,包藏于叶基之内。叶通常5-6枚,带形,坚纸质,长22-50厘米,宽8-18毫米,先端钝或急尖,中脉与侧脉在背面凸起(通常中脉较侧脉更为凸起,尤其在下部),关节在距基部2-6厘米处。花葶自假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,近直立或外弯,长16-28(-35)厘米;花序通常具10-40朵花;花苞片小;花较密集,直径3-4厘米,一般无香气;萼片与花瓣红褐色或偶见绿黄色,极罕灰褐色,唇瓣白色而在侧裂片与中裂片上有紫红色斑,褶片黄色;萼片狭长圆形,长1.6-1.8厘米,宽4-7毫米;花瓣狭椭圆形,长1.4-1.6厘米,萼片近等宽;唇瓣近卵形,长1.6-1.8厘米,3裂;侧裂片直立,具小乳突;中裂片稍外弯,亦具小乳突;唇盘上有2条纵褶片,褶片末端靠合;蕊柱长1.1-1.4厘米,略向前弯曲;花粉团2个,三角形。蒴果近长圆形,长3-4厘米,宽1.3-2厘米。花期4-8月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、江西、福建、台湾、湖北、湖南、广东、广西、四川东部、贵州、云南西北部至东南部。生于林中或林缘树上,或溪谷旁透光的岩石上或岩壁上,海拔100-3300米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 262, 265   
Cymbidium floribundum Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 162. 1833.
多花兰 duo hua lan| Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Cymbidium chawalongense C. L. Long, H. Li & Z. L. Dao; C. floribundum var. pumilum (Rolfe) Y. S. Wu & S. C. Chen; C. illiberale Hayata; C. pumilum Rolfe.
Plants epiphytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs subovoid, slightly bilaterally flattened, 2.5-3.5 × 2-3 cm, enclosed in leaf bases and surrounded by several green sheaths. Leaves usually 5 or 6, lorate, 22-50 × 0.8-1.8 cm, papery, with midvein usually raised more than 2 lateral veins abaxially (especially toward base), articulate 2-6 cm from base, apex obtuse or acute. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, suberect, 16-28(-35) cm; rachis usually densely 10-40-flowered; floral bracts 2-10 mm. Flowers usually not scented, 3-4 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 15-30 mm; sepals and petals reddish brown or occasionally greenish yellow, very rarely grayish brown; lip white, mottled purplish red on lateral lobes and mid-lobe. Sepals narrowly oblong, 16-18 × 4-7 mm, apex obtuse. Petals narrowly elliptic, 14-16 × 4-7 mm, apex obtuse; lip subovate in outline, 16-18 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe slightly recurved; disk minutely papillate, with 2 longitudinal lamellae nearly convergent at their apices. Column slightly arcuate, 11-14 mm; pollinia 2, deltoid. Capsule suboblong, 3-4 × 1.3-2 cm. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Oct-Dec. 2n = 40*.
Trees in forests or at forest margins, rocks and cliffs along streamsides or valleys; 100-3300 m. N Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, E Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, NW and SE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam].




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