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惠兰Cymbidium faberi

时间:2013-10-23 17:11来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):惠兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium faberi Rolfe 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium faberi f. viridiflorum S. S. Ying Cymbidium crinum Schltr. Cy
中文名(Chinese Name):惠兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium faberi Rolfe
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium faberi f. viridiflorum S. S. Ying  Cymbidium crinum Schltr.  Cymbidium fukienense T. K. Yen  Cymbidium scabroserrulatum Makino  Cymbidium oiwakensis Hayata
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)兰属
形态特征(Description):地生草本;假鳞茎不明显。叶5-8枚,带形,直立性强,长25-80厘米,宽(4-)7-12毫米,基部常对折而呈v形,叶脉透亮,边缘常有粗锯齿。花葶从叶丛基部最外面的叶腋抽出,近直立或稍外弯,长35-50(-80)厘米,被多枚长鞘;总状花序具5-11朵或更多的花;花苞片线状披针形,最下面的1枚长于子房,中上部的长1-2厘米,约为花梗和子房长度的1/2,至少超过1/3;花梗和子房长2-2.6厘米;花常为浅黄绿色,唇瓣有紫红色斑,有香气;萼片近披针状长圆形或狭倒卵形,长2.53.5厘米,宽6-8毫米;花瓣与萼片相似,常略短而宽;唇瓣长圆状卵形,长2-2.5厘米,3裂;侧裂片直立,具小乳突或细毛;中裂片较长,强烈外弯,有明显、发亮的的乳突,边缘常皱波状;唇盘上2条纵褶片从基部上方延伸至中裂片基部,上端向内倾斜并汇合,多少形成短管;蕊柱长1.2-1.6厘米,稍向前弯曲,两侧有狭翅;花粉团4个,成2对,宽卵形。蒴果近狭椭圆形,长5-5.5厘米,宽约2厘米。花期3-5月。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 263, 277   
Cymbidium faberi Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew. 1896: 198. 1896.
蕙兰 hui lan| Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Cymbidium cerinum Schlechter; C. faberi f. viridiflorum S. S. Ying; C. fukienense T. K. Yen; C. oiwakense Hayata; C. scabroserrulatum Makino; Eulophia yunnanensis Rolfe; Semiphajus evrardii Gagnepain.
Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs inconspicuous. Leaves 4-8, suberect, 25-80 × 0.7-1.2 cm, with transparent veins, conduplicate at base, not articulate, margin sharply serrate. Inflorescence arising from axil of uppermost leaf, suberect or slightly curved, 35-50(-80) cm; peduncle with many long sheaths; rachis 5-11- or more flowered; floral bracts linear-lanceolate, usually 10-20 × 2-5 mm, ca. 1/2 as long as ovary. Flowers usually very fragrant; pedicel and ovary 20-26 mm; sepals and petals pale yellowish green; lip pale yellowish green with purplish red patches. Sepals sublanceolate-oblong or narrowly obovate, 25-35 × 6-8 mm, apex acute. Petals oblong-ovate, 22-30 × 7-9 mm, apex acute; lip oblong-ovate, 20-25 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe strongly recurved, ligulate, 12-16 × 5-10 mm, margin usually crisped; disk papillate or puberulent, with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe; lamellae convergent toward their apices and forming a short tube. Column slightly arcuate, 12-16 mm, narrowly winged; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs, broadly ovoid. Capsule narrowly subellipsoid, 50-55 × ca. 20 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 40, 42*, 43, 44.
Damp but well-drained slopes, open shrubby places; 700-3000 m. Anhui, N Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, E Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [N India, Nepal].






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