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流苏贝母兰Coelogyne fimbriata

时间:2018-06-25 09:15来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):流苏贝母兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Coelogyne fimbriata Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Pleione fimbriata (Lindl.) Kuntze Pleione chinensis (Lindl.)






中文名(
Chinese Name):流苏贝母兰
学名(Scientific Name):Coelogyne fimbriata Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Pleione fimbriata (Lindl.) Kuntze  Pleione chinensis (Lindl.) Kuntze  Coelogyne laotica Gagnep.  Pleione fuliginosa (Lodd. ex Hook.) Kuntze  Coelogyne arunachalensis H.J.Chowdhery & G.D.Pal  Coelogyne chrysotropis Schltr.  Coelogyne fuliginosa Lodd. ex Hook.  Coelogyne longiciliata Teijsm. & Binn.  Coelogyne padangensis J.J.Sm. & Schltr.  Coelogyne pallens Ridl.  Coelogyne fimbriata var. primulina (Barretto) Roeth  Coelogyne fimbriata var. acuminata Regel  Coelogyne fimbriata var. annamica Finet ex Gagnep.
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)贝母兰属
形态特征(Description):根状茎较细长,匍匐,粗1.5-2.5毫米,节间长3-7毫米。假鳞茎在根状茎上相距2-4. 5 (-8 )厘米,狭卵形至近圆柱形,长2-3 (-4.5 )厘米,粗5-15毫米,干后无光泽,顶端生2枚叶,基部具2-3枚鞘;鞘卵形,长1-2厘米,老时脱落。叶长圆形或长圆状披针形,纸质,长4-10厘米,宽1-2厘米,急端急尖;叶柄长1-1.5(-2)厘米。花葶从已长成的假鳞茎顶端发出,长5-10厘米,基部套叠有数枚圆筒形的鞘;鞘紧密围抱花葶;总状花序通常具1-2朵花,但同一时间只有1朵开放;花序轴顶端为数枚白色苞片所覆盖;花苞片早落;花梗和子房长1-1.2厘米;花淡黄色或近白色,仅唇瓣上有红色斑纹;萼片长圆状披针形,长1.6-2厘米,宽4-7毫米;花瓣丝状或狭线形,与萼片近等长,宽0.7-1毫米;唇瓣卵形,3裂,长1.3-1.8厘米;侧裂片近卵形,直立,顶端多少具流苏;中裂片近椭圆形,长5-7毫米,宽5-6毫米,先端钝,边缘具流苏;唇盘上通常具2条纵褶片,从基部延伸至中裂片上部近顶端处,有时在中裂片外侧还有2条短的褶片,唇盘基部还有1条短褶片;褶片上均有不规则波状圆齿;蕊柱稍向前倾,长1-1.3厘米,两侧具翅,翅自基部向上渐宽,一侧宽1-1.3毫米,顶端略有不规则缺刻或齿。蒴果倒卵形,长1.8-2厘米,粗约1厘米;果梗长6-7毫米。花期8-10月,果期次年4-8月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、广东、海南、广西、云南、西藏,生于海拔500-1200米溪旁岩石上或林中、林缘树干上。越南、老挝、柬埔寨、泰国、马来西亚和印度东北部也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 316, 318   
Coelogyne fimbriata Lindley, Bot. Reg. 11: ad t. 868. 1825.
流苏贝母兰 liu su bei mu lan| Orchidaceae  | Coelogyne
Broughtonia linearis Wallich ex Lindley; Coelogyne arunachalensis H. J. Chowdhery & G. D. Pal; C. chrysotropis Schlechter; C. fimbriata var. annamica Finet ex Gagnepain; C. fuliginosa Loddiges ex Hooker; C. laotica Gagnepain; C. longiciliata Teijsmann & Binnendijk; C. padangensis J. J. Smith & Schlechter; C. pallens Ridley; C. primulina Barretto; C. xerophyta Handel-Mazzetti; Pleione chinensis Kuntze; P. fimbriata (Lindley) Kuntze; P. fuliginosa (Loddiges ex Hooker) Kuntze.
Rhizome creeping, slender, 1.5-2.5 mm in diam., internodes 3-7 mm. Pseudobulbs 2-4.5(-8) cm apart on rhizome, not lucid when dried, narrowly ovoid to nearly cylindric, 2-3(-4.5) cm × 5-15 mm, with 2 leaves at apex and 2 or 3 sheaths at base; sheaths ovate, 1-2 cm, deciduous when old. Leaf blade oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 4-10 × 1-2 cm, papery, apex acute; petiole 1-1.5(-2) cm. Inflorescence heteranthous; peduncle 5-10 cm, base covered with several tubular sheaths; sheaths equitant, closely embracing inflorescence; rachis often with 1 or 2 flowers opening successively, apex of rachis enclosed in several white bracts; floral bracts caducous; pedicel and ovary 1-1.2 cm. Flowers pale yellow or nearly white, only with red stripes on lip. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 16-20 × 4-7 mm. Petals filiform or narrowly linear, 16-20 × 0.7-1 mm; lip ovate, 13-18 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, subovate; mid-lobe nearly elliptic, 5-7 × 5-6 mm, margin fimbriate, apex obtuse; callus with 2 irregularly undulate lamellae extending from base to near apex of mid-lobe and between them at base of callus with 1 short lamella, sometimes a further 2 much shorter lamellae outside others on mid-lobe. Column slightly arcuate, 10-13 mm, both sides with wings; wings widened toward column apex, one side 1-1.3 mm wide, apex irregularly incised or dentate. Capsule obovoid, 1.8-2 × ca. 1 cm; fruiting pedicel 6-7 mm. Fl. Aug-Oct, fr. next Apr-Aug. 2n = 40, 40 + 2f.
On tree trunks or rocks along streamsides, in forests, or at forest margins; 500-2300 m. N Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, S Jiangxi, SE Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, NE India, Indonesia, Laos, NE Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].




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