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贝母兰 Coelogyne cristata

时间:2013-10-23 16:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):贝母兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Coelogyne cristata Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛唇贝母兰 异名( Synonym ): Pleione speciosissima (D.Don) Kuntze Cymbidium speciosi
中文名(Chinese Name):贝母兰
学名(Scientific Name):Coelogyne cristata Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛唇贝母兰
异名(Synonym):Pleione speciosissima (D.Don) Kuntze  Cymbidium speciosissimum D.Don  Coelogyne cristata f. hololeuca (Rchb.f.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss  Coelogyne cristata var. hololeuca Rchb.f.
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)贝母兰属
形态特征(Description):根状茎较坚硬,多分枝,粗4-6毫米,密被有光泽的、革质的、鳞片状鞘。假鳞茎在根状茎上相距1.5-3厘米,长圆形或卵形,长(1-)2.5-6厘米,粗(0.5-)1-1.7厘米,干后皱缩而有深槽,顶端生2枚叶,基部具数枚鞘;鞘革质,卵形或卵状披针形,长2-6厘米。叶线状披针形,坚纸质,长(5-)10-17厘米,宽(4-)7-19毫米,先端长渐尖,基部渐狭,具不明显的短柄。花葶连同幼嫩假鳞茎和叶从靠近老假鳞茎基部的根状茎上发出,长8-12厘米,下半部为鞘所包;总状花序长5-7厘米,具2-4朵花;花苞片卵状披针形,纸质,多少舟状,长2.5-3.5厘米,在花期不落;花梗和子房长2-2.5厘米;花白色,较大;萼片披针形或长圆状披针形,长3-4厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,先端急尖,背面多少具龙骨状突起;花瓣与萼片相似,宽约9-11毫米;唇瓣卵形,与花瓣近等长,凹陷,3裂;侧裂片半卵形,近全缘,直立;中裂片宽倒卵圆形或近扁圆形,长1.2-1.5厘米,先端钝或微凹,边缘近全缘,上面有2条短而宽的纵褶片;唇盘上有5条褶片完全撕裂成流苏状毛。蕊柱稍向前倾,长2-3厘米,两侧边缘具翅;翅自下向上渐宽,上部一侧宽约1.5毫米,顶端微凹或近截形。花期5月。
分布(Distribution):产西藏,生于林缘大岩石上,海拔1700~1800米。尼泊尔、印度也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 317, 322, 407  
Coelogyne cristata Lindley, Coll. Bot. ad t. 33. 1821.
贝母兰 bei mu lan| Orchidaceae  | Coelogyne
Cymbidium speciosissimum D. Don.
Rhizome somewhat rigid, 4-6 mm in diam., branched, with dense, lucid, leathery, scaly sheaths. Pseudobulbs 1.5-3 cm apart on rhizome, oblong or ovoid, (1-)2.5-6 × (0.5-)1-1.7 cm, corrugate and deeply channeled when dried, with 2 leaves at apex and several sheaths at base; sheaths ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2-6 cm, leathery. Leaf blade linear-lanceolate, (5-)10-17 × (0.4-)0.7-1.9 cm, papery, base attenuate to inconspicuous petiole, apex long acuminate. Inflorescence heteranthous, 8-12 cm, basal half embraced in sheaths; raceme 5-7 cm, 2-10-flowered; floral bracts not deciduous at anthesis, ovate-lanceolate, ± cymbiform, 2.5-3.5 cm, papery; pedicel and ovary 20-25 mm. Flowers white, rather large. Sepals lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 30-40 × 10-15 mm, abaxially ± carinate, apex acute. Petals similar to sepals, 9-11 mm wide; lip ovate, concave, nearly as long as sepals, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, subovate, nearly entire; mid-lobe broadly obovate or suboblate, 12-15 mm, margin nearly entire, apex obtuse or emarginate; callus with 5 fimbriate lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe, 2 inner lateral lamellae continuing to apex of mid-lobe, elevated, platelike, and crenulate, median lamella continuing as a prominent vein. Column slightly arcuate, 20-30 mm, both sides winged; wings widened from base to apex, ca. 1.5 mm wide on one side in upper part, apex emarginate or subtruncate. Fl. May. 2n = 40.
On large rocks along forest margins; 1700-1800 m. S Xizang [Bhutan, NE India, Nepal].




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