织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 兰科植物 >

栗鳞贝母兰 Coelogyne flaccida

时间:2013-10-23 16:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):栗鳞贝母兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Coelogyne flaccida Lindl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Coelogyne esquirolii Schltr. Pleione flaccida (Lindl.) Kuntze
中文名(Chinese Name):栗鳞贝母兰
学名(Scientific Name):Coelogyne flaccida Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Coelogyne esquirolii Schltr.  Pleione flaccida (Lindl.) Kuntze  Coelogyne flaccida var. longiracemosa Roeth
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)贝母兰属
形态特征(Description):根状茎粗壮,坚硬,粗7-8毫米,密被紫褐色的革质鞘。假鳞茎在根状茎上通常相距2-3厘米,长圆形或近圆柱形,向顶端稍变狭,长6-12.5厘米,粗1.5-3.2厘米,干后亮黄色,顶端生2枚叶,基部具数枚鞘;鞘干后如竹箨,长5-8厘米,宽2.5-3厘米,背面具紫褐色斑块,仅上端与边缘无斑。叶革质,长圆状披针形至椭圆状披针形,长13-19厘米,宽3-4.5厘米,先端近渐尖或略呈短尾状,基部收狭为柄;叶柄长4.5-8厘米。花葶连同幼嫩的假鳞茎和叶从靠近老假鳞基部的根状茎上发出,长16-32厘米,下半部为鞘所包;总状花序长11-21厘米,疏生8-10朵花;花苞片倒卵状椭圆形,长约2.5厘米,早落;花梗和子房长1.7-2厘米;花浅黄色至白色,唇瓣上有黄色和浅褐色斑;中萼片长圆形或长圆状披针形,长2.1-2.4厘米,宽6-7毫米;侧萼片稍狭,背面多少有龙骨状脊;花瓣线状披针形,略短于萼片,宽2-3毫米;唇瓣近卵形,长1.6-2厘米,宽约1.5厘米,3裂;侧裂片直立,半卵形,先端钝;中裂片近长圆形,长6-7毫米,宽约4毫米。边缘多少皱波状;唇盘上有3条纵褶片,从唇瓣基部延伸至中裂片的下部,褶片具皱波状缺刻;蕊柱稍向前弓曲,长约1.3厘米,两侧具翅;翅向上渐宽,在上部一侧宽约1.5毫米。花期3月。
分布(Distribution):产贵州、广西和云南。生于海拔约1600米林中树上。东南亚也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 317, 323   
Coelogyne flaccida Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 39. 1830.
栗鳞贝母兰 li lin bei mu lan| Orchidaceae  | Coelogyne
Coelogyne esquirolii Schlechter; C. lactea H. G. Reichenbach; Pleione flaccida (Lindley) Kuntze.
Rhizome stout, 7-8 mm in diam., rigid, with dense, purplish brown, leathery sheaths. Pseudobulbs often 2-3 cm apart on rhizome, bright yellow when dried, oblong or nearly cylindric, 6-12.5 × 1.5-3.2 cm, somewhat attenuate toward apex, with 2 leaves at apex and several sheaths at base; sheaths 5-8 × 2.5-3 cm, leathery, abaxially mottled with purplish brown particularly in central part and basal half. Leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 13-19 × 3-4.5 cm, leathery, apex subacuminate or shortly cuspidate; petiole 4.5-8 cm. Inflorescence heteranthous, 16-32 cm, basal half enclosed in sheaths; rachis 11-21 cm, sparsely 8-10-flowered; floral bracts caducous, obovate-elliptic, ca. 2.5 cm; pedicel and ovary 17-20 mm. Flowers pale yellow to white, with yellow and pale reddish brown spots on lip. Dorsal sepal oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 21-24 × 6-7 mm; lateral sepals slightly narrower, abaxially ± carinate. Petals linear-lanceolate, 20-22 × 2-3 mm; lip subovate, 16-20 × ca. 15 mm, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, subovate, apex obtuse; mid-lobe suboblong, 6-7 × ca. 4 mm, margin ± crisped; callus with 3 crisped-incised lamellae extending from base of lip to basal half of mid-lobe. Column slightly arcuate, ca. 13 mm, both sides with wings; wings widened toward column apex, ca. 1.5 mm wide on one side in upper part. Fl. Mar. 2n = 40.
On trees in forests; 1600-1700 m. NW Guangxi, S Guizhou, S and W Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容