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欧李 Cerasus humilis

时间:2013-11-06 12:46来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 欧李 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus humilis (Bunge) Bar. Liou 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 酸丁 异名 ( Synonym ): Prunus japonica var. salicifolia B. M. Kom. Prunus hu
中文名(Chinese Name):欧李
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus humilis (Bunge) Bar. & Liou
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):酸丁
异名Synonym):Prunus japonica var. salicifolia B. M. Kom.  Prunus humilis Bunge  Prunus glandulosa var. salicifolia (B. M. Kom.) Koehne
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征Description):灌木,高0.4-1.5米。小枝灰褐色或棕褐色,被短柔毛。冬芽卵形,疏被短柔毛或几无毛。叶片倒卵状长椭圆形或倒卵状披针形,长2.5-5厘米,宽1-2厘米,中部以上最宽,先端急尖或短渐尖,基部楔形,边有单锯齿或重锯齿,上面深绿色,无毛,下面浅绿色,无毛或被稀疏短柔毛,侧脉6-8对;叶柄长2-4毫米,无毛或被稀疏短柔毛;托叶线形,长5-6毫米,边有腺体。花单生或2-3花簇生,花叶同开;花梗长5-10毫米,被稀疏短柔毛;萼筒长宽近相等,约3毫米,外面被稀疏柔毛,萼片三角卵圆形,先端急尖或圆钝;花瓣白色或粉红色,长圆形或倒卵形;雄蕊30-35枚;花柱与雄蕊近等长,无毛。核果成熟后近球形,红色或紫红色,直径1.5-1.8厘米;核表面除背部两侧外无棱纹。花期4-5月,果期6-10月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、内蒙古、河北、山东、河南,生于海拔100-1800米阳坡砂地、山地灌丛中,或庭园栽培。
用途(Use):种仁入药,作郁李仁,有利尿、缓下作用,主治大便燥结、小便不利。果味酸可食。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 408     
Cerasus humilis (Bunge) Sokolov, Trees & Shrubs URSS. 3: 751. 1954.
欧李 ou li| Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus humilis Bunge, Mém. A cad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2: 97. 1835; P. glandulosa Thunberg var. salicifolia (B. M. Komarov) Koehne; P. japonica Thunberg var. salicifolia B. M. Komarov.
Shrubs 0.4–1.5 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown, pubescent. Winter buds ovoid, sparsely pubescent to subglabrous. Stipules linear, 5–6 mm, margin glandular. Petiole 2–4 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; leaf blade narrowly obovate-elliptic to obovate-oblanceolate, 2.5–5 × 1–2 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or sparsely pubescent, adaxially dark green and glabrous, base cuneate, margin serrate or biserrate, apex acute to shortly acuminate; secondary veins 6–8 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or to 3 in a fascicle, opening at same time as leaves. Pedicel 5–10 mm, sparsely pubescent. Hypanthium campanulate, ca. 3 × 3 mm, outside pilose. Sepals triangular-ovate, apex acute to obtuse. Petals pink or white, oblong to obovate. Stamens 30–35. Style nearly as long as stamens, glabrous. Drupe red to purplish red, subglobose, 1.5–1.8 cm in diam.; endocarp sides sparsely ribbed. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Jun–Oct.
Thickets, mountain slopes, sunny sandy slopes, also cultivated; 400--1800 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan.
This species is used medicinally and for its edible fruit.
 


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