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假鹰爪Desmos chinensis

时间:2013-07-16 08:23来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):假鹰爪 学名( Scientific Name ): Desmos chinensis Lour. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 酒饼叶 异名( Synonym ): Artabotrys esquirolii H. Lv. Unona chinensis DC. Desmos cochin






中文名(Chinese Name):假鹰爪
学名(Scientific Name):Desmos chinensis Lour.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):酒饼叶
异名(Synonym):Artabotrys esquirolii H. Lév.  Unona chinensis DC.  Desmos cochinchinensis Merr.  Unona discolor Vahl  Uvaria ossea (Blanco) Blanco  Unona ossea Blanco  Desmos dunalii (Wall.) Saff.  Unona dunalii Wall.  Unona discolor var. laevigata Hook. f. & Thomson  Unona discolor var. pubiflora Hook. f. & Thomson  Unona discolor var. pubescens Hook. f. & Thomson  Desmos chinensis var. laevigatus (Hook.f. & Thomson) D.Mitra  Desmos chinensis var. pubescens (Hook.f. & Thomson) Deb 
科属(Family & Genus):番荔枝科(Annonaceae)假鹰爪属
形态特征(Description):产广东、广西、云南及贵州。生于丘陵山坡、林缘灌丛或旷地、荒野中。东南亚也有。
直立或攀援灌木,有时上枝蔓延,除花外,全株无毛;枝皮粗糙,有纵条纹,有灰白色凸起的皮孔。叶薄纸质或膜质,长圆形或椭圆形,少数为阔卵形,长4-13厘米,宽2-5厘米,顶端钝或急尖,基部圆形或稍偏斜,上面有光泽,下面粉绿色。花黄白色,单朵与叶对生或互生;花梗长2-5.5厘米,无毛;萼片卵圆形,长3-5毫米,外面被微柔毛;外轮花瓣比内轮花瓣大,长圆形或长圆状披针形,长达9厘米,宽达2厘米,顶端钝,两面被微柔毛,内轮花瓣长圆状披针形,长达7厘米,宽达1.5厘米,两面被微毛;花托凸起,顶端平坦或略凹陷;雄蕊长圆形,药隔顶端截形;心皮长圆形,长1-1.5毫米,被长柔毛,柱头近头状,向外弯,顶端2裂。果有柄,念珠状,长2-5厘米,内有种子1-7颗;种子球状,直径约5毫米。花期夏至冬季,果期6月至翌年春季。
分布(Distribution):产于广东、广西、云南和贵州。生于丘陵山坡、林缘灌木丛中或低海拔旷地、荒野及山谷等地。印度、老挝、柬埔寨、越南和马来西亚、新加坡、菲律宾和印度尼西亚也有。
用途(Use):根、叶可药用,主治风湿骨痛、产后腹痛、跌打、皮癣等;兽医用作治牛臌胀、肠胃积气、牛伤食宿草不转等。茎皮纤维可作人造棉和造纸原料,亦可代麻制绳索。海南民间有用其叶制酒饼,故有“酒饼叶”之称。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 681, 682 
Desmos chinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 352. 1790.
假鹰爪 jia ying zhua | Annonaceae  | Desmos
Artabotrys esquirolii H. Léveillé; Unona chinensis (Loureiro) Candolle; U. discolor Vahl.
Climbers to 4 m tall, woody. Branches stout, sparsely hairy when young, with raised grayish white lenticels. Petiole 3-8 mm; leaf blade oblong to elliptic, rarely broadly ovate, 6-14 × 2-6.5 cm, membranous to thinly papery, abaxially glaucous and sparsely appressed hairy, adaxially glossy, secondary veins 7-12 on each side of midvein, base rounded to slightly oblique, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences superaxillary or leaf-opposed, 1-flowered. Flowers 3-6 cm wide, pendulous. Pedicel 2-6.5 cm. Sepals ovate to lanceolate, 4-10 × 2-4.5 mm. Outer petals oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 3-6.5 × 1-2 cm; inner petals lanceolate, 4-7 × 1-2 cm. Stamen connectives apically truncate to rounded. Carpels 25-35; stigmas clavate, apex 2-cleft. Fruiting pedicel 2-6 cm; monocarp stipes 4-14 mm; monocarps ellipsoid or moniliform, 0.8-6 cm × 4-6 mm, with 2-6 joints; joints yellowish brown, subglobose, ca. 7 × 6 mm, sparsely hairy, apex of terminal obtuse to shortly rostrate. Fl. Apr-Oct, fr. Jun-Dec. 2n = 20.
Wastelands and thickets in valleys; 100-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hainan, SE Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
The bast fibers of Desmos chinensis are used for cordage; the roots and leaves are used medicinally; and the leaves are used in brewing liquor in Hainan.
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  • 假鹰爪Desmos chinensis

    中文名( Chinese Name ):假鹰爪 学名( Scientific Name ): Desmos chinensis Lo...