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郁李Cerasus japonica

时间:2013-11-06 12:47来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 郁李 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus japonica (Thunb.) Lois. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 爵梅、秧李 异名( Synonym ): Microcerasus japonica (Thunb.) M. Roem. Prunus jap
中文名(Chinese Name):郁李
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus japonica (Thunb.) Lois.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):爵梅、秧李
异名(Synonym):Microcerasus japonica (Thunb.) M. Roem.  Prunus japonica Thunb.  Prunus japonica var. kerii (Steud.) Koehne  Prunus kerii Steud.
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征Description):灌木,高1-1.5米。小枝灰褐色,嫩枝绿色或绿褐色,无毛。冬芽卵形,无毛。叶片卵形或卵状披针形,长3-7厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部圆形,边有缺刻状尖锐重锯齿,上面深绿色,无毛,下面淡绿色,无毛或脉上有稀疏柔毛,侧脉5-8对;叶柄长2-3毫米,无毛或被稀疏柔毛;托叶线形,长4-6毫米,边有腺齿。花1-3朵,簇生,花叶同开或先叶开放;花梗长5-10毫米,无毛或被疏柔毛;萼筒陀螺形,长宽近相等,约2.5-3毫米,无毛,萼片椭圆形,比萼筒略长,先端圆钝,边有细齿;花瓣白色或粉红色,倒卵状椭圆形;雄蕊约32;花柱与雄蕊近等长,无毛。核果近球形,深红色,直径约1厘米;核表面光滑。花期5月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、河北、山东、浙江,生于海拔100-200米山坡林下、灌丛中或栽培。日本和朝鲜也有分布。
用途(Use):种仁入药,名郁李仁。郁李、郁李仁配剂有显著降压作用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 407     
Cerasus japonica (Thunberg) Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, Traité Arbr. Arbust. 5: 33. 1812.
郁李 yu li| Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Shrubs 1–1.5 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown; young branchlets green to greenish brown, glabrous. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous. Stipules linear, 4–6 mm, margin glandular serrate. Petiole 2–5 mm, glabrous or pilose; leaf blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3–7 × 1.5–2.5 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or pilose along veins, adaxially dark green and glabrous, base rounded, margin acutely incised biserrate or deeply serrate, apex acuminate; secondary veins 5–8 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or to 3 in a fascicle, opening at same time as leaves or before. Pedicel 0.5–2 cm, glabrous or pilose. Hypanthium turbinate, 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm, outside glabrous. Sepals elliptic, slightly longer than hypanthium, margin serrulate, apex rounded. Petals pink or white, obovate-elliptic. Stamens ca. 32. Style nearly as long as stamens, glabrous. Drupe dark red, subglobose, ca. 1 cm in diam.; endocarp smooth. Fl. May, fr. Jun–Aug.
Forests on mountain slopes, thickets, sunny mountain slopes, also cultivated; 100--200 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
 




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