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麦李 Cerasus glandulosa

时间:2013-11-06 12:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 麦李 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus glandulosa (Thunb.) Sokoloff 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名 ( Synonym ): Prunus sinensis Pers. Prunus japonica var. paokangensis
中文名(Chinese Name):麦李
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus glandulosa (Thunb.) Sokoloff
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名Synonym):Prunus sinensis Pers.  Prunus japonica var. paokangensis C. K. Schneid.  Prunus glandulosa f. paokangensis (C. K. Schneid.) Koehne  Prunus glandulosa f. sinensis (Pers.) Koehne  Prunus glandulosa var. purdomii Koehne  Prunus glandulosa var. trichostyla Koehne  Cerasus japonica var. glandulosa (Thunb.) Kom. et Aliss.
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征Description):灌木,高0.5-1.5米,稀达2米。小枝灰棕色或棕褐色,无毛或嫩枝被短柔毛。冬芽卵形,无毛或被短柔毛。叶片长圆披针形或椭圆披针形,长2.5-6厘米,宽1-2厘米,先端渐尖,基部楔形,最宽处在中部,边有细钝重锯齿,上面绿色,下面淡绿色,两面均无毛或在中脉上有疏柔毛,侧脉4-5对;叶柄长1.5-3毫米,无毛或上面被疏柔毛;托叶线形,长约5毫米。花单生或2朵簇生,花叶同开或近同开;花梗长6-8毫米,几无毛;萼筒钟状,长宽近相等,无毛,萼片三角状椭圆形,先端急尖,边有锯齿;花瓣白色或粉红色,倒卵形;雄蕊30枚;花柱稍比雄蕊长,无毛或基部有疏柔毛。核果红色或紫红色,近球形,直径1-1.3厘米。花期3-4月,果期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部,生于海拔800-2300米的山坡及平地,也有庭园栽培。日本有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 408     
Cerasus glandulosa (Thunberg) Sokolov, Trees & Shrubs URSS. 3: 751. 1954.
麦李 mai li| Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus glandulosa Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 463. 1784; Cerasus japonica (Thunberg) Loiseleur-Deslongchamps var. glandulosa Komarov & Alissova.
Shrubs 0.5–1.5(–2) m tall. Branchlets grayish brown to brown, glabrous or pubescent when young. Winter buds ovoid, glabrous or pubescent. Stipules linear, ca. 5 mm. Petiole 1.5–3 mm, glabrous or pilose; leaf blade oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.5–6 × 1–2 cm, abaxially pale green and glabrous or pilose along midvein, adaxially green, base cuneate, margin obtusely finely biserrate, apex acuminate; secondary veins 4 or 5 on either side of midvein. Flowers solitary or 2 in a fascicle, opening at same time as leaves or nearly so. Pedicel 6–8 mm, subglabrous. Hypanthium campanulate, nearly as long as wide, outside glabrous. Sepals triangular-elliptic, as long as hypanthium, recurved, margin frequently glandular-dentate, apex acute. Petals pink or white, obovate. Stamens ca. 30. Style slightly longer than stamens, glabrous or basally pilose. Drupe red to purplish, subglobose, 1–1.3 cm in diam. Fl. Mar–Apr, fr. May–Aug. 2n = 16.
Mountain slopes, sides of ravines, thickets, also cultivated; 800--2300 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan].




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