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赤楠Syzygium buxifolium

时间:2013-10-18 16:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 赤楠 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium buxifolium Hook. et Arn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 牛金子 异名( Synonym ): Eugenia sinensis Hemsl. Syzygium somai (Hayata) Mori
中文名(Chinese Name):赤楠
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium buxifolium Hook. et Arn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):牛金子
异名(Synonym):Eugenia sinensis Hemsl.  Syzygium somai (Hayata) Mori  Syzygium microphyllum Gamble: Masamune  Syllisium buxifolium C. A. Mey. et Schauer  Engenia somai Hayata  Syllysium buxifolium (Hook. & Arn.) Meyen & Schauer  Eugenia somai Hayata  Syzygium somae (Hayata) Mori  Eugenia somae Hayata
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):。灌木或小乔木;嫩枝有棱,干后黑褐色。叶片革质,阔椭圆形至椭圆形,有时阔倒卵形,长1.5-3厘米,宽1-2厘米,先端圆或钝,有时有钝尖头,基部阔楔形或钝,上面干后暗褐色,无光泽,下面稍浅色,有腺点,侧脉多而密,脉间相隔1-1.5毫米,斜行向上,离边缘1-1.5毫米处结合成边脉,在上面不明显,在下面稍突起;叶柄长2毫米。聚伞花序顶生,长约1厘米,有花数朵;花梗长1-2毫米;花蕾长3毫米;萼管倒圆锥形,长约2毫米,萼齿浅波状;花瓣4,分离,长2毫米;雄蕊长2.5毫米;花柱与雄蕊同等。果实球形,直径5-7毫米。花期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产安徽、浙江、台湾、福建、江西、湖南、广东、广西、贵州等省区。生于低山疏林或灌丛。分布于越南及日本琉球群岛。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 338, 341, 351
Syzygium buxifolium Hooker & Arnott, Bot. Beechey Voy. 187. 1833.
赤楠 chi nan | FOC Vol. 13 | Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Shrubs or small trees. Branchlets blackish brown when dry, 4- or 6-angled. Leaves opposite or ternate; petiole ca. 2 mm; leaf blade broadly elliptic, elliptic, orbicular, obovate, or broadly obovate, 1-3 × 0.5-2(-2.2) cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially dark brown and not glossy when dry, abaxially glandular, secondary veins numerous, 1-1.5 mm apart, abaxially slightly raised, and adaxially inconspicuous or depressed, intramarginal veins 1-1.5 mm from margin and depressed or not, base broadly cuneate, cuneate, or obtuse, apex rounded, obtuse, or acute and sometimes with an obtuse cusp. Inflorescences terminal, cymes, ca. 1 cm, several-flowered. Flower buds ca. 3 mm. Hypanthium obconic, ca. 2 mm. Calyx lobes shallow wavy. Petals 4, white, distinct, ca. 2 mm. Stamens ca. 2.5 mm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit red turning purplish black, globose, 5-7 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Oct-Dec.
Sparse forests or scrub in mountains, hills; 200-1200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [S Japan, Vietnam].




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