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水竹蒲桃Syzygium fluviatile

时间:2018-06-26 13:40来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):水竹蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium fluviatile (Hemsl.) Merr. et Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Eugenia fluviatilis Hemsl. 科属( Family Genus



中文名(
Chinese Name):水竹蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium fluviatile (Hemsl.) Merr. et Perry 
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Eugenia fluviatilis Hemsl.
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-3米;嫩枝圆形,干后褐色。叶片革质,线状披针形,长3-8厘米,宽7-14毫米,先端钝或略圆,基部渐变狭窄,上面干后暗褐色,不发亮,有多数下陷腺点,下面黄褐色,多突起小腺点,侧脉多而密,彼此相隔1.5-2毫米,以40度角急斜向上,离边缘约0.3毫米处结合成边脉,在上面不明显,在下面略突起;叶柄极短,长约2毫米。聚伞花序腋生,长1-2厘米;花蕾倒卵形,长4毫米;花梗长2-3毫米,有时无柄;萼管倒圆锥形,长3.5毫米,萼齿4,极短;花瓣分离,圆形,长4毫米;雄蕊长4-5毫米;花柱与雄蕊等长。果实球形,宽6-7毫米,成熟时黑色。花期4-7月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西等省区,常见于1000米以下的森林溪涧边。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 337, 340, 356
Syzygium fluviatile (Hemsley) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 241. 1938.
水竹蒲桃 shui zhu pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia fluviatilis Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 296. 1887.
Shrubs, 1-3 m tall. Branchlets brown when dry, terete. Petiole ca. 2 mm; leaf blade linear-lanceolate, 3-8 × 0.7-1.4 cm, leathery, abaxially yellowish brown when dry, adaxially dark brown and not glossy when dry, abaxially with numerous small raised glands, adaxially with numerous impressed glands, secondary veins numerous, 1.5-2 mm apart, at an angle of ca. 40° from midvein, abaxially slightly raised, and adaxially inconspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 0.3 mm from margin, base gradually narrowed, apex obtuse to slightly rounded. Inflorescences axillary, cymes, 1-2 cm. Flower buds obovoid, ca. 4 mm. Hypanthium obconic, ca. 3.5 mm. Calyx lobes 4, very short. Petals white or purple, distinct, rounded, ca. 4 mm. Stamens 4-5 mm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit black when ripe, globose, 6-7 mm in diam. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Sep-Dec.
● Streamsides in forests; 100-1000 m. Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan.






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