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黑嘴蒲桃Syzygium bullockii

时间:2018-06-26 13:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 黑嘴蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium bullockii (Hance) Merr. et Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): Eugenia bullockii Hance 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus )
中文名(Chinese Name):黑嘴蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium bullockii (Hance) Merr. et Perry 
英文名(English Common Name):Eugenia bullockii Hance
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):灌木至小乔木,高达5米;嫩枝稍压扁,干后灰白色。叶片革质,椭圆形至卵状长圆形,长4-12厘米,宽2.5-5.5厘米,先端渐尖,尖头钝,基部圆形或微心形,上面干后暗褐色,发亮,下面稍浅,侧脉多数,以70度开角斜向上,离边缘1-2毫米处相结合成边脉,脉间相隔1-2毫米;叶柄极短,近于无柄。圆锥花序顶生,长2-4厘米,多分枝,多花,总梗长不及1厘米;花梗长1-2毫米,花小;萼管倒圆锥形,长约4毫米,萼齿波状;花瓣连成帽状体;花丝分离,长4-6毫米;花柱与雄蕊同长。果实椭圆形,长约1厘米,宽8毫米。花期3-8月。
分布(Distribution):产广东西部及海南岛、广西西部。喜生于平地次生林。分布于越南。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 336, 343, 354
Syzygium bullockii (Hance) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 107. 1938.
黑嘴蒲桃 hei zui pu tao | Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia bullockii Hance, J. Bot. 16. 227. 1878.
Shrubs to trees, to 5 m tall. Branchlets grayish white when dry, slightly compressed. Leaves very shortly petiolate to nearly sessile; leaf blade elliptic to ovate-oblong, 4-12 × 2.5-5.5 cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially dark brown and glossy when dry, secondary veins numerous and at an angle of ca. 70° from midvein, intramarginal veins 1-2 mm from margin, base rounded to slightly cordate, apex acuminate and with an obtuse acumen. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate cymes, 2-4 cm, many-flowered, branched; peduncle less than 1 cm. Hypanthium obconic, ca. 4 mm. Calyx lobes wavy. Petals white, coherent. Filaments distinct, 4-6 mm. Style as long as stamens. Fruit red to black, ellipsoid, ca. 10 × 8 mm. Fl. Mar-Aug(-Oct).
Secondary forests on flat areas, scrub at seaside; below 100-300(-400) m. W Guangdong, W Guangxi, Hainan [Laos, Vietnam].






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