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长穗猫尾草Uraria crinita

时间:2018-08-14 08:28来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):长穗猫尾草 学名( Scientific Name ): Uraria crinita (L.) DC. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Doodia crinita Roxb. Hedysarum crinitum L. Uraria comosa DC. Hed
中文名(Chinese Name):长穗猫尾草
学名(Scientific Name):Uraria crinita (L.) DC.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Doodia crinita Roxb.  Hedysarum crinitum L.  Uraria comosa DC.  Hedysarum crinitium L.  Hedysarum comosum Vahl  Uraria cornosa Span.
科属Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae狸尾豆属
形态特征Description):亚灌木;茎直立,高1-1.5米.分枝少,被灰色短毛。叶为奇数羽状复叶,茎下部小叶通常为3,上部为5,少有为7;托叶长三角形,长6-10毫米,先端细长而尖,基部宽2毫米,边缘有灰白色缘毛;叶柄长5.5-15厘米,被灰白色短柔毛;小叶近革质,长椭圆形、卵状披针形或卵形,顶端小叶长6-15厘米,宽3-8厘米,侧生小叶略小,先端略急尖、钝或圆形,基部圆形至微心形,上面无毛或于中脉上略被灰色短柔毛,下面沿脉上被短柔毛,侧脉每边6-9条,在两面均凸起,下面网脉明显;小托叶狭三角形,长5毫米,基部宽1.5毫米,有稀疏缘毛;小叶柄长1-3毫米,密被柔毛。总状花序顶生,长15-30厘米或更长,粗壮,密被灰白色长硬毛;苞片卵形或披针形,长达2厘米宽达7毫米,具条纹,被白色并展缘毛;花梗长约4毫米,花后伸长至10-15毫米,弯曲,被短钩状毛和白色长毛;花萼浅杯状,被白色长硬毛,5裂,上部2裂长约3毫米,下部3裂长3.5毫米;花冠紫色,长6毫米。荚果略被短柔毛;荚节2-4,椭圆形,具网脉。花、果期4-9月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、江西、广东、海南、广西、云南及台湾等省区。多生于海拔850米以下干燥旷野坡地、路旁或灌丛中。印度、中南半岛至澳大利亚也有。
用途(Use):全草供药用,有散瘀止血、清热止咳之效。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 286
Uraria crinita (Linnaeus) Desvaux ex Candolle, Prodr. 2: 324. 1825.
猫尾草 mao wei cao | Fabaceae  | Uraria
Hedysarum crinitum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 1: 102. 1767; Doodia crinita (Linnaeus) Roxburgh; Hedysarum comosum Vahl; Uraria comosa (Vahl) Candolle; U. cornosa Spanoghe; U. crinita var. macrostachya Wallich; U. macrostachya (Wal­lich) Prain.
Subshrubs, 1-1.5 m tall. Stems erect, gray pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate; petiole 5.5-15 cm, gray-white pubes­cent; leaflets usually 3 on lower stem, 5(or 7) above; leaflet blades oblong, ovate-lanceolate, or ovate, terminal one 6-15 × 3-8 cm, abaxially pubescent on veins, adaxially glabrous or slightly gray pubescent on midvein, base rounded to slightly cordate, apex slightly acute, obtuse, or rounded. Racemes ter­minal, 15-30 cm or longer, stout, densely gray-white hirsute. Pedicel 6-12 mm in flower, elongated to 1-1.5 cm after an­thesis, hooked, with short uncinate and long white hairs. Calyx shallowly cup-shaped, long white hirsute; lower lobes ca. 3.5 mm, upper lobes ca. 3 mm. Corolla purple, 6-9 mm. Legume slightly pubescent; articles (2-)5 or 6, elliptic, reticulate veined. Fl. and fr. Apr-Sep.
Dry waste slopes, roadsides, thickets; below 900 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (S Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; N Australia].
The whole plant is used medicinally for stopping bleeding, re­ducing fever, and relieving coughs.
 




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