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虾仔花Woodfordia fruticosa

时间:2018-08-14 08:29来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):虾仔花 学名( Scientific Name ): Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 吴福花 异名( Synonym ): Lythrum fruticosum L. Lythrum hunteri DC. Grislea p
中文名(Chinese Name):虾仔花
学名(Scientific Name):Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):吴福花
异名(Synonym):Lythrum fruticosum L.  Lythrum hunteri DC.  Grislea punctata Buch.-Ham. ex Smith  Woodfordia floribunda Salisb.  Woodfordia fruticosa f. genuina Kurz ex Koehne  Woodfordia tomentosa Bedd.
科属Family & Genus):千屈菜科(Lythraceae)虾子花属
形态特征Description):灌木,高3-5米,有长而披散的分枝;幼枝有短柔毛,后脱落。叶对生,近革质,披针形或卵状披针形,长3-14厘米,宽l-4厘米,顶端渐尖,基部圆形或心形,上面通常无毛,下面被灰白色短柔毛,且具黑色腺点,有时全部无毛;无柄或近无柄。1-15花组成短聚伞状圆锥花序,长约3厘米,被短柔毛;花梗长3-5毫米;萼筒花瓶状,鲜红色,长9-15毫米,裂片矩圆状卵形,长约2毫米;花瓣小而薄,淡黄色,线状披针形,与花萼裂片等长,稀过;雄蕊12,突出萼外;子房矩圆形,2室,花柱细长,超过雄蕊。蒴果膜质,线状长椭圆形,长约7毫米,开裂.成2果瓣;种子甚小,卵状或圆锥形,红棕色。花期春季。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西及云南,常生于山坡路旁。越南、缅甸、印度、斯里兰卡、印度尼西亚及马达加斯加也有。
用途(Use):全株含鞣质,可提制栲胶。花萼红色而美丽,通常栽培供观赏。据国外报道,干燥花用于治痢疾,也用于治肝病、烫伤和痔疮。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 288
Woodfordia fruticosa (Linnaeus) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40: 56. 1871.
虾子花 xia zi hua | Lythraceae  | Woodfordia
Lythrum fruticosum Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2: 1045. 1759; Grislea punctata Buchanan-Hamilton ex Smith; L. hunteri Candolle.
Shrubs, 1-5 m tall. Stems and branches pendulous, long, pubescent when young, becoming glabrous. Leaves lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 3-14 × 1-4 cm, leathery, abaxially sparsely to densely tomentose and orange to black glandular punctate, adaxially glabrous, base rounded to subcordate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences condensed axillary shoots of 1-15 flowers. Floral tube light red, red-orange, or deep red, greenish basally, narrowly cyathiform, 9-15 mm; sepals oblong-ovate or deltate, 2-3 mm; epicalyx segments scarcely present. Petals 6, thin, linear-lanceolate, 1-5 mm, ca. as long as sepals. Stamens 12 , inserted above ovary base, long-exserted. Ovary 2-loculed; ovules 100+. Capsules elongate, elliptic. Seeds reddish brown, ca. 1.5 mm. Fl. Jan-May (mainly Mar-Apr), fr. Apr-May. 2n = 16.
Common in forests and on open slopes. Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand].







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