织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

黄花羊蹄甲Bauhinia tomentosa

时间:2018-08-14 08:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):黄花羊蹄甲 学名( Scientific Name ): Bauhinia tomentosa L. 英文名( English Common Name ): St. Thomas tree 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Pauletia tomentose (L.) A. Schmitz Bauhinia toment
中文名(Chinese Name):黄花羊蹄甲
学名(Scientific Name):Bauhinia tomentosa L.
英文名(English Common Name):St. Thomas tree
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Pauletia tomentose (L.) A. Schmitz  Bauhinia tomentosa var. glabrata Hook. f.  Alvesia tomentosa (L.) Britton et Rose
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae羊蹄甲属
形态特征(Description):直立灌木,高1-4厘米;幼嫩部分被锈色柔毛。叶纸质,近圆形,通常宽度略大于长度,直径3-7厘米,基部圆,截平或浅心形,先端2裂达叶长的2/5,上面无毛,下面被稀疏的短柔毛;基出脉7-9条;叶柄纤细,长1.5-3厘米;托叶锥尖,长约1厘米,被毛。花通常2朵、有时1-3朵组成侧生的花序;总花梗长1.2-3厘米;苞片和小苞片锥尖,长4-7毫米,被毛;花梗长8-10毫米;花蕾纺锤形,密被微柔毛,具凸头;萼佛焰状,长约2厘米,一侧开裂,顶具数枚长0.5-1毫米的小齿;花瓣淡黄色,上面一片基部中间有深黄色或紫色的斑块,阔倒卵形,长4-5.5厘米,宽3-4厘米,无瓣柄,先端圆,无毛,开花时各瓣互相覆叠为一钟形的花冠;能育雄蕊10,花丝不等长,长1-2厘米,仅于基部被柔毛;子房具柄,密被茸毛,具长而无毛的花柱,柱头小,盾状。荚果带形,扁平,沿腹缝无棱脊,长7-15厘米,宽1.2-1.5厘米,果瓣革质,初时被毛,成熟时渐变秃净,具略凸起的网纹;种子近圆形,极扁平、褐色,直径6-8毫米。
分布(Distribution):原产印度。我国华东南部、华南及西南有栽培。
用途(Use):本种为美丽的庭园观赏灌木,在印度全年开花。根皮和花用以治疗痢疾,亦可为溃疡外敷药;种子可榨油;木材纹理细,可做农具及枪托。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 7, 11
Bauhinia tomentosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 375. 1753.
黄花羊蹄甲 huang hua yang ti jia | Fabaceae  | Bauhinia
Shrubs, erect, to 4 m tall. Young branches puberulent. Stip­ules linear, ca. 1 cm; petiole 1.5-3 cm, slender; leaf blade sub­orbicular, 3-7 × 4-8 cm, papery, abaxially tomentose, adaxially glabrous, base cordate, 7-9-veined, apex bifid to ca. 1/2, lobes rounded at apex. Inflorescence a lateral raceme, 1-3-flowered; pedicel short; bracts and bracteoles linear, 4-7 mm. Flower buds fusiform, ca. 2 cm, puberulent. Hypanthium turbinate, ca. 5 mm. Calyx split spathaceously at anthesis. Petals light yel­lowish, subequal, broadly obovate, 4-5.5 × 3-4 cm, subsessile. Fertile stamens 10, unequal; filaments 1-2 cm, puberulent at base. Ovary stalked, tomentose; style slender, glabrous; stigma peltate, small. Legume flat, linear, 7-15 × 1.2-1.5 cm, sutures not ridged; valves leathery, velutinous. Seeds brownish, subor­bicular, compressed, 6-8 mm in diam. Fl. and fr. almost year-round. 2n = 28.
Widely cultivated as ornamental plants in China. Fujian, Guang­dong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [origin in tropical Asia, prob­ably indigenous to India; cultivated elsewhere].






(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片