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金凤花Caesalpinia pulcherrima

时间:2018-08-14 08:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金凤花 学名( Scientific Name ): Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. 英文名( English Common Name ): pride-of-Barbados 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 洋金凤 异名( Synonym ): Poinciana pulcherrima L. Poinciana
中文名(Chinese Name):金凤花
学名(Scientific Name):Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.
英文名(English Common Name):pride-of-Barbados
别名(Chinese Common Name):洋金凤
异名(Synonym):Poinciana pulcherrima L.  Poinciana elata Lour.  Caesalpinia pulcherrima var. flava Bailey & Rehder
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae云实属
形态特征(Description):大灌木或小乔木;枝光滑,绿色或粉绿色,散生疏刺。二回羽状复叶长12-26厘米;羽片4-8对,对生,长6-12厘米;小叶7-11对,长圆形或倒卵形,长1-2厘米,宽4-8毫米,顶端凹缺,有时具短尖头,基部偏斜;小叶柄短。总状花序近伞房状,顶生或腋生,疏松,长达25厘米;花梗长短不一,长4.5-7厘米;花托凹陷成陀螺形,无毛;萼片5,无毛,最下一片长约14毫米,其余的长约10毫米;花瓣橙红色或黄色,圆形,长1-2.5厘米,边缘皱波状,柄与瓣片几乎等长;花丝红色,远伸出于花瓣外,长5-6厘米,基部粗,被毛;子房无毛,花柱长,橙黄色。荚果狭而薄,倒披针状长圆形,长6-10厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,无翅,先端有长喙,无毛,不开裂,成熟时黑褐色;种子6-9颗。花果期几乎全年。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔1900-2300米山坡混交林下潮湿处或草丛中。
用途(Use):为热带地区有价值的观赏树木之一。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 41, 42, 45
Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linnaeus) Swartz, Observ. Bot. 166. 1791.
金凤花 jin feng hua | Fabaceae  | Caesalpinia
Poinciana pulcherrima Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 380. 1753.
Shrubs or small trees. Branches green or farinose-green, smooth, with scattered, sparse prickles. Leaves 12-26 cm; pin­nae 4-8 pairs, opposite, 6-12 cm; petiolules short; leaflets 7-11 pairs, oblong or obovate, 1-2 cm × 4-8 mm, base oblique, apex emarginate, sometimes acute. Racemes subcorymbose, terminal or axillary, lax, to 25 cm. Pedicels unequal in length, 4.5-7 cm. Receptacle concave to turbinate, glabrous. Sepals 5, glabrous, lowest one ca. 1.4 cm, others ca. 1 cm. Petals orange-red or yel­low, orbicular, 1-2.5 cm, margin wavy, with claw subequal to limb in length. Stamens very far exserted; filaments red, 5-6 cm, thick and hairy in basal part. Ovary glabrous; style orange-yellow, long, 5-6.5 mm. Legume blackish brown when ripe, oblanceolate-oblong, narrow and thin, 6-10 × 1.5-2 cm, not winged, glabrous, indehiscent, apex rounded, upper suture ending in a sharp beak. Seeds 6-9. Fl. and fr. year-round. 2n = 24, 28.
Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yun­nan [native to South America; cultivated throughout the tropics].
This species is a valuable ornamental of tropical regions.






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