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猬实Kolkwitzia amabilis

时间:2013-07-19 11:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 猬实 学名( Scientific Name ): Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn. 英文名( English Common Name ): beautybush 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蝟实 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)







中文名(Chinese Name):猬实
学名(Scientific Name): Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebn.
英文名(English Common Name):beautybush
别名(Chinese Common Name):蝟实
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)蝟实属
形态特征(Description):多分枝直立灌木,高达3米;幼枝红褐色,被短柔毛及糙毛,老枝光滑,茎皮剥落。叶椭圆形至卵状椭圆形,长3-8厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,顶端尖或渐尖,基部圆或阔楔形,全缘,少有浅齿状,上面深绿色,两面散生短毛,脉上和边缘密被直柔毛和睫毛;叶柄长1-2毫米。伞房状聚伞花序具长1-1.5厘米的总花梗,花梗几不存在;苞片披针形,紧贴子房基部;萼筒外面密生长刚毛,上部缢缩似颈,裂片钻状披针形,长0.5厘米,有短柔毛;花冠淡红色,长1.5-2.5厘米,直径1-1.5厘米,基部甚狭,中部以上突然扩大,外有短柔毛,裂片不等,其中二枚稍宽短,内面具黄色斑纹;花药宽椭圆形;花柱有软毛,柱头圆形,不伸出花冠筒外。果实密被黄色刺刚毛,顶端伸长如角,冠以宿存的萼齿。花期5-6月,果熟期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产山西、陕西、甘肃、河南、湖北及安徽等省。生于海拔350-1340米的山坡、路边和灌丛中。
用途(Use):美丽的观赏植物,欧洲已广泛引种。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 646
Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebner, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 593. 1901.
蝟实 wei shi| Linnaeaceae  | Kolkwitzia
Kolkwitzia amabilis var. calicina Pampanini; K. amabilis var. tomentosa Pampanini.
Shrubs, erect, to 3 m tall. Branchlets hirsute, becoming glabrous. Petiole 1-2 mm; leaf blade elliptic to ovate, 3-8 × 1.5-2.5 cm, both surfaces sparsely pubescent, densely spreading pubescent and ciliate on veins and margin, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin entire, rarely shallowly dentate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescence paniculate; flowers single or paired (flowers opening consecutively) in same inflorescence; peduncle 10-15 mm; bracts lanceolate, tightly adnate to base of ovary. Sepals 5, lanceolate, to 5 mm, pubescent. Corolla whitish, tinged pink, 15-25 mm, outside pubescent, base very narrow, abruptly enlarged above middle; lower lip 3-lobed, bearded, with orange reticulate markings; upper lip 2-lobed. Ovary bottle-shaped with a long neck; style pubescent; stigmas capitate, inserted. Achenes embedded in spongy, woody, and bristly bracts, apex elongated, crowned with persistent, non-accrescent sepals. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 32*.
● Mountain slopes, roadsides, scrub; 300-1300 m. Anhui, Gansu, ?Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Shanxi.
This species is rare in the wild but widely cultivated.

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