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蓪梗花Abelia uniflora

时间:2013-12-04 17:35来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 蓪梗花 学名( Scientific Name ): Abelia uniflora R. Br. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 小叶六道木、二翅六道木 异名( Synonym ): Abelia parvifolia Hemsl. Abelia longituba Reh






中文名(Chinese Name):蓪梗花
学名(Scientific Name):Abelia uniflora R. Br.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):小叶六道木、二翅六道木
异名(Synonym):Abelia parvifolia Hemsl.  Abelia longituba Rehder  Abelia tereticalyx (Graebn.) Rehder  Abelia verticillata H. Lév.  Abelia mairei H. Lév.  Abelia myrtilloides Rehder  Abelia schumannii (Graebn.) Rehder  Abelia chowii C. Ho  Linnaea parvifolia (Hemsl.) Graebn.  Linnaea engleriana Graebn.  Linnaea koehneana Graebn.  Linnaea schumannii Graebn.  Linnaea tereticalyx Graebn.
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)糯米条属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高1-2米;幼枝红褐色,被短柔毛,老枝树皮条裂脱落。叶圆卵形、狭卵圆形、菱形、狭矩圆形至披针形,长1.5-4厘米,宽5-15毫米,顶端渐尖或长渐尖,基部楔形或钝形,边缘具稀疏锯齿,有时近全缘而具纤毛,两面疏被柔毛,下面基部叶脉密被白色长柔毛;叶柄长2-4毫米。花生于侧生短枝顶端叶腋,由未伸长的带叶花枝构成聚伞花序状;萼筒细长,萼檐2裂,裂片椭圆形,长约1厘米,与萼筒等长;花冠红色,狭钟形,5裂,稍呈二唇形,上唇3裂,下唇2裂,筒基部两侧不等,具浅囊;雄蕊4枚,着生于花冠筒中部,花药长柱形,花丝白色;花柱与雄蕊等长,柱头头状,稍伸出花冠喉部。果实长圆柱形,冠以2枚宿存萼裂片。花期5-6月,果熟期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、甘肃、河南、广西、四川、贵州和云南。生于海拔520-1640米的沟边、灌丛、 山坡林下或林缘。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 381, 644, 645
Abelia uniflora R. Brown in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1. 15. 1830.
蓪梗花 tong geng hua| Linnaeaceae  | Abelia
Abelia engleriana (Graebner) Rehder; A. longituba Rehder; A. mairei H. Léveillé; A. myrtilloides Rehder; A. parvifolia Hemsley; A. schischkinii Golubkova; A. schumannii (Graebner) Rehder; A. tereticalyx (Graebner & Buchwald) Rehder; A. verticillata H. Léveillé; Linnaea engleriana Graebner; L. koehneana Graebner; L. parvifolia (Hemsley) Graebner; L. schumannii Graebner; L. tereticalyx Graebner & Buchwald; Strobilanthes hypericifolia H. Léveillé.
For description see under species complex. Distinguishing characters for this species are as follows: Leaves shortly acuminate. Sepals with rounded apex. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct.
● Thickets, forests; 200-2000 m. Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan.
The holotype of Abelia uniflora is held in Cambridge University Herbarium (CGE) and the name was validly published by R. Brown within the description of Zabelia triflora.
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