织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

糯米条Abelia chinensis

时间:2013-12-04 17:35来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 糯米条 学名( Scientific Name ): Abelia chinensis R. Br. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 茶条树、小叶六道木 异名( Synonym ): Abelia hanceana Mart. ex Hance;Abelia ionandra




中文名(Chinese Name):糯米条
学名(Scientific Name):Abelia chinensis R. Br.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):茶条树、小叶六道木
异名(Synonym):Abelia hanceana Mart. ex Hance;Abelia ionandra Hayata;Abelia aschersoniana (Graebn.) Rehder;Linnaea aschersoniana Graebn.;Linnaea chinensis (R. Br.) A. Braun et Vatke;Linnaea rupestris (Lindl.) A. Braun et Vatke;Abelia chinensis var. ionandra (Hayata) Masam.
科属Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)六道木属
形态特征Description):落叶多分枝灌木,高达2米;嫩枝纤细,红褐色,被短柔毛,老枝树皮纵裂。叶有时三枚轮生,圆卵形至椭圆状卵形,顶端急尖或长渐尖,基部圆或心形,长2-5厘米,宽1-3.5厘米,边缘有稀疏圆锯齿,上面初时疏被短柔毛,下面基部主脉及侧脉密被白色长柔毛,花枝上部叶向上逐渐变小。聚伞花序生于小枝上部叶腋,由多数花序集合成一圆锥状花簇,总花梗被短柔毛,果期光滑;花芳香,具3对小苞片;小苞片矩圆形或披针形,具睫毛;萼筒圆柱形,被短柔毛,稍扁,具纵条纹,萼檐5裂,裂片椭圆形或倒卵状矩圆形,长5-6毫米,果期变红色;花冠白色至红色,漏斗状,长1-1.2厘米,为萼齿的一倍,外面被短柔毛,裂片5,圆卵形;雄蕊着生于花冠筒基部,花丝细长,伸出花冠筒外;花柱细长,柱头圆盘形。果实具宿存而略增大的萼裂片。
分布(Distribution):长江以南各省区广泛分布,生于海拔170-1500米的山地中。
用途(Use):本种花多而密集,开花期长,果期宿存的萼裂片变红色,能耐寒,为优美的观赏植物,庭园中常栽培。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 644, 645      
Abelia chinensis R. Brown in Abel, Narr. J. China. App. B, 376. 1818.
糯米条 nuo mi tiao | Linnaeaceae  | Abelia
Abelia aschersoniana (Graebner) Rehder; A. cavaleriei H. Léveillé; A. chinensis var. ionandra (Hayata) Masamune; A. hanceana M. Martens ex Hance; A. ionandra Hayata; A. lipoensis M. T. An & G. Q. Gou; A. rupestris Lindley; Linnaea aschersoniana Graebner; L. chinensis (R. Brown) A. Braun & Vatke; L. rupestris (Lindley) A. Braun & Vatke.
Shrubs, deciduous to semi-evergreen, to 2 m tall, highly branched. Young branches slender and pubescent. Leaves opposite, sometimes in whorls of 3; leaf blade ovate, 2-5 × 1-3.5 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent, densely white villous at base of midvein and lateral veins, base rounded or cordate, margin remotely crenate-serrate, apex acute to long acuminate. Inflorescence a large terminal panicle of paired flowers (flowers opening consecutively). Flowers fragrant, with 6 oblong or lanceolate bracts at base of paired ovaries. Calyx of 5 sepals, elliptic, 5-6 mm, turning red at fruiting stage. Corolla 5-lobed, white to pink, funnelform, 10-12 mm, ca. 2 × as long as sepals, outside pubescent and gibbous at base of tube. Stamens and style long exserted; filaments slender, equal in length, inserted at base of corolla tube. Ovary cylindric, slightly compressed, pubescent, longitudinally striate; stigmas capitate. Achene crowned with persistent and slightly enlarged sepals. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Oct-Nov. 2n = 32.
Mountains; 200-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, ?Henan, Hubei, Hunan, ?Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan].
This species is commonly cultivated in China.
(责任编辑:duckuly)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
50%
踩一下
(2)
50%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片