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金花忍冬Lonicera chrysantha

时间:2013-07-19 11:43来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 金花忍冬 学名( Scientific Name ): Lonicera chrysantha Turcz. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄花忍冬 异名( Synonym ): Caprifolium chrysanthum Kuntze;Lonicera xylosteum va




中文名(Chinese Name):金花忍冬
学名(Scientific Name):Lonicera chrysantha Turcz.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄花忍冬
异名(Synonym):Caprifolium chrysanthum Kuntze;Lonicera xylosteum var. chrysantha (Turcz. ex Ledeb.) Regel;Lonicera chrysantha var. longipes Maxim.;Caprifolium morrowii Kuntze;Euonymus gibbiflorus Maack ex Trautv.;Xylosteon gibbiflorum Rupr. & Maxim.
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)忍冬属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高达4米;幼枝、叶柄和总花梗常被开展的直糙毛、微糙毛和腺。冬芽卵状披针形,鳞片5-6对,外面疏生柔毛,有白色长睫毛。叶纸质,菱状卵形、菱状披针形、倒卵形或卵状披针形,长4-8 (-12) 厘米,顶端渐尖或急尾尖,基部楔形至圆形,两面脉上被直或稍弯的糙伏毛,中脉毛较密,有直缘毛;叶柄长4-7毫米。总花梗细,长1.5-3 (-4) 厘米;苞片条形或狭条状披针形,长2.5 (-8) 毫米,常高出萼筒;小苞片分离,卵状矩圆形、宽卵形、倒卵形至近圆形,长约1毫米,为萼筒的1/3-2/3;相邻两萼筒分离,长2-2.5毫米,常无毛而具腺,萼齿圆卵形、半圆形或卵形,顶端圆或钝;花冠先白色后变黄色,长 (0.8-) 1-1.5 (-2) 厘米,外面疏生短糙毛,唇形,唇瓣长2-3倍于筒,筒内有短柔毛,基部有1深囊或有时囊不明显;雄蕊和花柱短于花冠,花丝中部以下有密毛,药隔上半部有短柔伏毛;花柱全被短柔毛。果实红色,圆形,直径约5毫米。花期5-6月,果熟期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):除华南及西南的四川省外,大部分省区有分布。生于海拔250-3000米的沟谷、林下或林缘。朝鲜及俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 621, 634, 635
Lonicera chrysantha Turczaninow ex Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 2(1): 388. 1844.
金花忍冬 jin hua ren dong| Caprifoliaceae  | Lonicera
Shrubs, deciduous, to 4 m tall. Winter buds ovoid-lanceolate, with several pairs of scales; outer scales triangular, sparsely puberulent; inner scales accrescent, lanceolate, densely pubescent and white long ciliate outside. Branches with pith becoming brown and later hollow. Branches and petioles spreading pubescent with interspersed minute glands. Petiole 4-10 mm; leaf blade ovate to rhombic or oblong to lanceolate, 3-10 × 1-5 cm, abaxially densely strigose to villous or sparsely pubescent, adaxially sparsely pubescent or subglabrous, base cuneate to rounded, margin ciliate, apex rounded or acute to acuminate or caudate. Inflorescences fragrant, axillary paired flowers; peduncle 1.5-3 cm; bracts linear or narrowly linear-lanceolate, 2.5-8 mm, often exceeding ovaries; bracteoles of each flower fused or separate, ovate to suborbicular, ca. 1 mm, long ciliate. Neighboring 2 ovaries free, ± glandular, glabrous or densely hairy. Calyx lobes ovate, with rounded apex, ciliate and glandular, sometimes with a collarlike emergence at base. Corolla bilabiate, white at first, later yellow, sometimes tinged orange-red, 1-1.5 cm, outside sparsely to densely hairy; tube 2-5 mm, pubescent inside, deeply or sometimes inconspicuously gibbous toward base; upper lip shallowly 4-lobed; lower lip recurved. Stamens and style exserted from corolla tube; filaments densely hairy below middle; connectives sometimes pubescent; style hairy throughout. Berries red, orbicular, ca. 5 mm in diam.; seeds brown-red, ellipsoid, ca. 3 mm, with minute concave dots and sometimes with red glands. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 18.
Forests, scrub at forest margins; 200-3000(-3800) m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, S Heilongjiang, W Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, E Jilin, S Liaoning, S Nei Mongol, Ningxia, E Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, N Korea, Mongolia, Russia; Europe].
Lonicera chrysantha is from the L. xylosteum species complex and is the only species in the complex occurring in China. Lonicera xylosteum Linnaeus occurs in Europe and Russia; further studies are necessary to better understand the relationships within this complex. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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