织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 草本花卉 >

弄岗唇柱苣苔Chirita longgangensis

时间:2013-11-10 20:54来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 弄岗唇柱苣苔 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Chirita longgangensis W. T. Wang 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Chirita longgangensis var. hongyao S. Z. Huang 科
中文名Chinese Name):弄岗唇柱苣苔
学名Scientific Name):Chirita longgangensis W. T. Wang
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Chirita longgangensis var. hongyao S. Z. Huang
科属(Family & Genus):苦苣苔科Gesneriaceae唇柱苣苔属Chirita
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根状茎长,圆柱形,粗4-7毫米;分枝长8-15厘米,顶端被贴伏短柔毛,节间长0.4-2厘米。叶密集于根状茎顶端,3-4个轮生,无柄,干时坚纸质或革质,长圆状线形,长9-16厘米,宽1.5-2.9厘米,顶端微钝,基部渐狭,边缘全缘,两面密被贴伏短柔毛,侧脉每侧3-6条,上面平,下面隆起。聚伞花序腋生,直径3-7厘米,2-3回分枝;花序梗长3-7.5厘米,被开展短柔毛;苞片对生,披针形,长1.2-2厘米,宽3-6毫米,密被贴伏短柔毛;花梗长0.7-3厘米,密被短腺毛。花萼5裂达基部,裂片狭披针状线形,或钻形,长8毫米,宽0.9毫米,外面被短柔毛并疏被短腺毛。花冠白色,有紫纹,长约3.4厘米,外面无毛,内面在雄蕊之下被短柔毛;筒长约2厘米,口部直径1厘米;上唇长约8毫米,2裂,下唇长约12毫米,3裂至中部,裂片圆卵形。雄蕊的花丝着生于距花冠基部11毫米处,长约14毫米,下部宽2毫米,被短柔毛,上部变狭,宽0.7毫米,无毛,在近中部膝状弯曲,花药长约3毫米,两端被白色髯毛;退化雄蕊3,着生于距花冠基部10毫米处,无毛,侧生的细钻形,长5-7毫米,顶端头状,中央的长约0.5毫米。花盘环形,高约0.8毫米。雌蕊长约2.8厘米,子房线形,长17毫米,宽1毫米,密被白色短腺毛,花柱被短柔毛,柱头长2毫米,2裂至中部,裂片狭卵形。花期10月。
分布(Distribution):产广西龙州?岗。生于石灰岩山林边石上,海拔250-320米。
用途(Use):根状茎在民间供药用,治跌打损伤。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 18 Page 333
Chirita longgangensis W. T. Wang in W. T. Wang & S. Z. Huang, Guihaia. 2: 171. 1982.
弄岗唇柱苣苔 long gang chun zhu ju tai| Gesneriaceae  | Chirita
Perennial, stemless. Rhizome with conspicuous internodes, 0.4-2 cm. Leaves basal, opposite or ternate, sessile or petiole to 10 X 5 mm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic or narrowly oblanceolate to oblong linear, 5-16 X 1-2.9 cm, papery to leathery, densely appressed puberulent and pilose, eglandular, base attenuate, margin entire, revolute, apex acute to acuminate; lateral veins 3-6 on each side of midrib, abaxially prominent. Cymes 2-15-flowered; peduncle 3-15 cm, glandular pilose to puberulent; bracts 2, free, linear to lanceolate or obovate, 4-20 X 0.5-6 mm, abaxially pilose to puberulent, margin entire, involute, apex acute. Pedicel 0.7-4 cm, glandular puberulent and pilose. Calyx 5-sect from base; segments equal, lanceolate-linear, 5-8 X 0.9-1.5 mm, outside minutely appressed puberulent and glandular puberulent, inside puberulent near apex, margin entire, apex attenuate. Corolla white to red-purple, 3.4-4 cm, outside glabrous to puberulent, inside puberulent or glabrous below stamens; tube narrowly funnelform, ca. 2 X 1 cm; adaxial lip ca. 8 mm; abaxial lip ca. 1.2 cm. Filaments ca. 1.4 cm, basally puberulent; anthers fused by entire adaxial surfaces, 3-4 mm, bearded; staminodes 3, central ca. 0.5 mm, laterals 5-7 mm. Pistil ca. 2.8 cm, densely pubescent to glandular puberulent; ovary ca. 1.7 cm. Stigma obtrapeziform, ca. 2 mm, 2-lobed. Capsule erect, 1.6-2.5 cm. Fl. Sep-Dec.
* Rocks of forest margin on limestone hills; 200-300 m. SW Guangxi.
 


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(4)
66.7%
踩一下
(2)
33.3%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片