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羽叶鬼灯檠Rodgersia pinnata

时间:2013-11-09 13:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):羽叶鬼灯檠 学名( Scientific Name ): Rodgersia pinnata Franch. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 九叶岩陀 异名 ( Synonym ): Astilbe pinnata (Franch.) Franch. 科属 ( Family Gen
中文名(Chinese Name):羽叶鬼灯檠
学名(Scientific Name):Rodgersia pinnata Franch.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):九叶岩陀
异名Synonym):Astilbe pinnata (Franch.) Franch.
科属Family & Genus):虎耳草科(Saxifragaceae)鬼灯檠属
形态特征Description):多年生草本,高(0.25-)0.4-1.5米。茎无毛。近羽状复叶;叶柄长3.5-32.5厘米,基部和叶片着生处具褐色长柔毛;基生叶和下部茎生叶通常具小叶片6-9枚,上有顶生者3-5枚,下有轮生者3-4枚,上部茎生叶具小叶片3枚;小叶片椭圆形、长圆形至狭倒卵形,长(6.5-)11-32厘米,宽(2.7-)7-12.5厘米,先端短渐尖,基部渐狭,边缘有重锯齿,腹面无毛,背面沿脉具褐色柔毛。多歧聚伞花序圆锥状,长12-31厘米,具多花;花序分枝长3.5-22厘米;花序轴与花梗被膜片状毛,有时还杂有短腺毛;花梗长1.5-3.5毫米;萼片5,革质,近卵形,长2-2.7毫米,宽约2毫米,先端短渐尖而钝,腹面仅基部疏生近无柄之腺毛,背面被黄褐色柔毛和近无柄之腺毛,具弧曲脉3,脉于先端汇合;花瓣不存在;雄蕊10,长2.8-4毫米;心皮2,长约3毫米,基部合生,子房近上位,花柱2。蒴果紫色,长约7毫米。染色体2n=60。花果期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产四川、贵州和云南,生于海拔2400-3800米的林下、林缘、灌丛、高山草甸或石隙。
用途(Use):根状茎含淀粉,可制酒、醋和酱油;叶含鞣质,可提制栲胶。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 8 Page 274     
Rodgersia pinnata Franchet, Bull. Herb. Boissier. ser. 2, 10: 176. 1888.
羽叶鬼灯檠 yu ye gui deng qing| Saxifragaceae  | Rodgersia
Herbs 25-150 cm tall. Stems glabrous. Leaves subpinnately compound; petiole 3.5-32.5 cm, base brown long pilose. Basal and proximal cauline leaves usually with 6-9 leaflets, among which terminal ones 3-5, verticillate ones 3 or 4; distal cauline leaves with 3 leaflets; leaflets elliptic or oblong to narrowly obovate, 6.5-32 × 2.7-12.5 cm, abaxially brown pilose along veins, adaxially glabrous or strigose, base gradually narrowed, margin doubly serrate, apex acuminate. Pleiochasium paniculate, 12-31 cm, many flowered; branches 3.5-22 cm, paleaceous hairy, sometimes also shortly glandular hairy; pedicels 1.5-3.5 mm. Sepals 5, subovate, 2-2.7 × ca. 2 mm, leathery, abaxially tawny pilose and subsessile glandular hairy, adaxially sparsely subsessile glandular hairy near base, veins 3, arcuate, confluent at apex, apex shortly acuminate. Petals absent. Stamens 10, 2.8-4 mm. Carpels 2, ca. 3 mm, connate at base; ovary subsuperior; styles 2. Capsule purple, ca. 7 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun-Aug. 2n = 60*, ca. 75*.
* Forests, forest margins, scrub, shaded grassy slopes, alpine meadows, rock clefts; 2000-3800 m. Guizhou, E and S Sichuan, Yunnan.
 




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