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假酸浆Nicandra physalodes

时间:2013-11-09 16:26来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 假酸浆 学名( Scientific Name ): Nicandra physalodes (L.) Scop. 英文名( English Common Name ): apple of Peru 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 冰粉 异名( Synonym ): Atropa physalodes L. Physalodes physalode
中文名(Chinese Name):假酸浆
学名(Scientific Name):Nicandra physalodes (L.) Scop.
英文名(English Common Name):apple of Peru
别名(Chinese Common Name):冰粉
异名(Synonym):Atropa physalodes L.  Physalodes physalodes (L.) Britt.  Atropa daturifolia Thore  Atropa physaloides L.  Boberella nicandra E.H.L. Krause  Calydermos erosus Ruiz & Pav.  Nicandra minor Hort. ex Fisch.  Pentagonia physalodes Hiern  Physalis daturaefolia Lam.  Physalodes peruviana Kuntze 
科属(Family & Genus):茄科(Solanaceae)假酸浆属
形态特征(Description):茎直立,有棱条,无毛,高0.4-1.5米,上部交互不等的二歧分枝。叶卵形或椭圆形,草质,长4-12厘米,宽2-8厘米,顶端急尖或短渐尖,基部楔形,边缘有具圆缺的粗齿或浅裂,两面有稀疏毛;叶柄长约为叶片长的1/3-1/4。花单生于枝腋而与叶对生,通常具较叶柄长的花梗,俯垂;花萼5深裂,裂片顶端尖锐,基部心脏状箭形,有2尖锐的耳片,果时包围果实,直径2.5-4厘米;花冠钟状,浅蓝色,直径达4厘米,檐部有折襞,5浅裂。浆果球状,直径1.5-2厘米,黄色。种子淡褐色,直径约1毫米。花果期夏秋季。
分布(Distribution):原产南美洲,我国南北均有作药用或观赏栽培,生于田边、荒地或住宅区。
用途(Use):全草药用,有镇静、祛痰、清热解毒之效。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 301   
Nicandra physalodes (Linnaeus) Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 237. 1791.
假酸浆 jia suan jiang| Solanaceae  | Nicandra
Atropa physalodes Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 181. 1753.
Stems erect, angular, 40-150 cm tall, glabrescent or sparsely pubescent. Petiole 1.5-6 cm; leaf blade ovate or elliptic, 4-20 × 2-13 cm, papery, sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin lobed or coarsely sinuate-dentate, apex acute or short acuminate. Pedicel 1.5-4 cm. Calyx 0.8-3 cm, deeply parted; lobes broadly ovate, apex acute, 2.5-4 cm in diam. Corolla pale blue, blue-purple, or bluish with white center, 2.5-4 cm wide. Berry brown or yellow, 1-2 cm in diam. Seeds pale brown, 1-1.2 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn.
Near fields, houses, and hills, wastelands; 800-2600 m. Naturalized in Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan [widely distributed; native to Peru]
Whole plant used as a sedative and cough remedy.
 




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