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金钩如意草Corydalis taliensis

时间:2013-10-29 13:58来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金钩如意草 学名( Scientific Name ): Corydalis taliensis Franch. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大理紫堇 异名( Synonym ): Corydalis schochii Fedde Corydalis pseudasterostigm
中文名(Chinese Name):金钩如意草
学名(Scientific Name):Corydalis taliensis Franch.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):大理紫堇
异名(Synonym):Corydalis schochii Fedde  Corydalis pseudasterostigma Fedde
科属(Family & Genus):罂粟科(Papaveraceae)紫堇属
形态特征(Description):无毛草本,高(10-)30-60(-90)厘米。主根增粗,长达30厘米,粗达1厘米,具多数纤细状细根;根茎匍匐,覆盖残枯的叶基。茎1至数条,淡绿带紫色,直立,柔弱,有时平卧,多汁,具分枝和多叶。基生叶数枚,叶柄长3-29厘米,叶片轮廓近圆形或楔状菱形,二至三回三出全裂,第一回全裂片具较长的柄,卵形,第二回裂片具短柄或无柄,宽卵形或先端裂片宽倒卵形,2-3深裂或浅裂,小裂片倒卵形或狭倒卵形,先端钝、圆或截形,表面绿色,背面具白粉,叶脉明显;茎生叶数枚,疏离,与基生叶同形,但叶片较小和叶柄较短。总状花序生于茎和分枝顶端,长2-10厘米,有时达18厘米,多花;苞片下部者5-3浅裂,中部者倒卵形,3浅裂或全缘,上部者倒卵状匙形,全缘;花梗纤细,与苞片近等长。萼片鳞片状,白色,圆形或宽卵形,具流苏状齿缺;花瓣紫色、蓝紫色、红色或粉红色,上花瓣长2-2.5厘米,花瓣片舟状卵形,先端具尖头,背部在喙后具高1-1.5毫米的鸡冠状突起,距圆筒形,末端圆,略下弯,与花瓣片近等长,下花瓣匙形,长0.9-1.2厘米,花瓣片舟状近圆形或卵形,背部鸡冠同上瓣,爪条形,长于花瓣片,内花瓣提琴形,长0.7-0.9厘米,花瓣片长圆状倒卵形,具1侧生囊,爪细,略长于花瓣片;雄蕊束长0.7-0.9毫米,花药小,卵圆形,黄色,花丝披针形,蜜腺体黄色,贯穿距的2/5;子房线形,长0.4-0.6厘米,胚珠多数,排成1行,花柱较子房短,柱头双卵形,具8个乳突。蒴果狭圆柱形,长2-2.5厘米,粗约1.5毫米。种子肾形至近圆形,直径约1.5毫米,黑色,具光泽,有极细的网纹。花果期3-11月。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔1500-1800米的林下、灌丛下或草丛中,房前屋后、田间地头也常见。
用途(Use):据(滇南本草》记载:“性微寒,祛风,明目退翳,消散一切风热。”
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 7 Page 358, 361
Corydalis taliensis Franchet, Pl. Delavay. 48. 1889.
金钩如意草 jin gou ru yi cao| Papaveraceae  | Corydalis
Herbs, perennial, 20-60(-90) cm tall, glabrous. Rootstock long, 0.5-1 cm in diam. Stems few to several, prostrate to ascending or rarely erect in young plants, pale green, branched, with many leaves. Leaves several, crowded at base but many all along stem; petiole 3-15 cm; blade pruinose abaxially, green adaxially, broadly ovate, biternate with terminal leaflet larger; pinnae longer petiolulate; pinnules petiolulate or sessile, broadly obovate, shallowly cut into broadly obovate lobes, or deeply ternatisect, lobes again shallowly 2-4-divided. Racemes 2-10 cm, 7-12-flowered, dense, much elongating in fruit; bracts broadly obovate, 4-10 mm, lower ones slightly 3-5-divided, upper ones entire, acute to acuminate. Pedicel 5-9(-12) mm, recurved in fruit. Sepals white, ca. 1 × 1.5 mm, finely dentate. Corolla purple, purplish blue, or pink; outer petals acute to shortly acuminate with entire crest 1-1.5 mm, overtopping apex 0.5-1 mm; upper petal 20-23 mm; spur straight to slightly downcurved, cylindric, 10-11 mm, obtuse; nectary 1/3-2/5 as long as spur; lower petal with long narrow claw, apically gradually broadened into rhombic-acute limb; inner petals 9-11 mm. Stigma with 6 simple marginal papillae; geminate papillae sublateral and on basal lobes. Capsule linear, 19-24 × ca. 1.5 mm, 9-12-seeded; style ca. 2.5 mm. Seeds ca. 1.5 mm, smooth. Fl. and fr. Mar-Nov.
● Forest understories, among shrubs, near houses and farms, on walls; (?1500-)1900-2300 m. W Yunnan (Dali to Lijiang).


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