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刺果甘草Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora

时间:2018-08-14 08:43来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):刺果甘草 学名( Scientific Name ): Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis Cheng f. et L. K. Dai ex P. C. Li
中文名(Chinese Name):刺果甘草
学名(Scientific Name):Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis Cheng f. et L. K. Dai ex P. C. Li
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae甘草属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根和根状茎无甜味。茎直立,多分枝,高1-1.5米,具条棱,密被黄褐色鳞片状腺点,几无毛。叶长6-20厘米;托叶披针形,长约5毫米;叶柄无毛,密生腺点;小叶9-15枚,披针形或卵状披针形,长2-6厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色,两面均密被鳞片状腺体,无毛,顶端渐尖,具短尖,基部楔形,边缘具微小的钩状细齿。总状花序腋生,花密集成球状;总花梗短于叶,密生短柔毛及黄色鳞片状腺点;苞片卵状披针形,长6-8毫米,膜质,具腺点;花萼钟状,长4-5毫米,密被腺点,基部常疏被短柔毛;萼齿5,披针形,与萼筒近等长;花冠淡紫色、紫色或淡紫红色,旗瓣卵圆形,长6-8毫米,顶端圆,基部具短瓣柄,翼瓣长5-6毫米,龙骨瓣稍短于翼瓣。果序呈椭圆状,荚果卵圆形,长10-17毫米,宽6-8毫米,顶端具突尖,外面被长约5毫米刚硬的刺。种子2枚,黑色,圆肾形,长约2毫米。花期6-7月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北各省区及陕西、山东、江苏。常生于河滩地、岸边、田野、路旁。俄罗斯远东地区也有。
用途(Use):茎叶作绿肥。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 509, 510
Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora Maximowicz, Prim. Fl. Amur. 79. 1859.
刺果甘草 ci guo gan cao | Fabaceae  | Glycyrrhiza
Herbs, perennial. Stem 1-1.5 m tall, striped, densely yel­low-brown scaly glandular punctate, nearly glabrous. Leaves 6-20 cm, 9-15-foliolate; stipules lanceolate, ca. 5 mm; petiole glabrous, densely glandular punctate; leaflets lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 2-6 × 1.5-2 cm, glabrous, densely scaly glan­dular punctate, base cuneate, margin serrulate, apex acuminate with mucro. Racemes much flowered, oblong or globose; rachis shorter than leaves, densely brown glandular punctate and pu­bescent; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 6-8 mm, membranous, glan­dular punctate. Calyx campanulate, 4-5 mm, densely glandular punctate and sparsely pubescent at base, lanceolately 5-toothed. Corolla light purple, purple, or purple-red; standard ovate, 6-8 mm, base shortly clawed, apex rounded; wings 5-6 mm; keel shorter than wings. Legume ovoid, 10-17 × 6-8 mm, rigidly spiny, apex abruptly acuminate. Seeds 2, black, ca. 2 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 16*.
Riverbanks, open valleys by streams, open slopes, margins of farms, roadsides; 2600-3100 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, N and NE Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Yunnan [Mongolia, Russia].






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