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地笋Lycopus lucidus

时间:2013-09-24 14:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):地笋 学名( Scientific Name ): Lycopus lucidus Greene 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 地参、提娄 异名( Synonym ): Phytosalpinx lucida (Turcz. ex Benth.) Lunell 科属( Family
中文名(Chinese Name):地笋
学名(Scientific Name):Lycopus lucidus Greene
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):地参、提娄
异名(Synonym):Phytosalpinx lucida (Turcz. ex Benth.) Lunell
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)地笋属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,高0.6-1.7米;根茎横走,具节,节上密生须根,先端肥大呈圆柱形,此时于节上具鳞叶及少数须根,或侧生有肥大的具鳞叶的地下枝。茎直立,通常不分枝,四棱形,具槽,绿色,常于节上多少带紫红色,无毛,或在节上疏生小硬毛。叶具极短柄或近无柄,长圆状披针形,多少弧弯,通常长4-8厘米,宽1.2-2.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部渐狭,边缘具锐尖粗牙齿状锯齿,两面或上面具光泽,亮绿色,两面均无毛,下面具凹陷的腺点,侧脉6-7对,与中脉在上面不显著下面突出。轮伞花序无梗,轮廓圆球形,花时径1.2-1.5厘米,多花密集,其下承以小苞片;小苞片卵圆形至披针形,先端刺尖,位于外方者超过花萼,长达5毫米,具3脉,位于内方者,长2-3毫米,短于或等于花萼,具1脉,边缘均具小纤毛。花萼钟形,长3毫米,两面无毛,外面具腺点,萼齿5,披针状三角形,长2毫米,具刺尖头,边缘具小缘毛。花冠白色,长5毫米,外面在冠檐上具腺点,内面在喉部具白色短柔毛,冠筒长约3毫米,冠檐不明显二唇形,上唇近圆形,下唇3裂,中裂片较大。雄蕊仅前对能育,超出于花冠,先端略下弯,花丝丝状,无毛,花药卵圆形,2室,室略叉开,后对雄蕊退化,丝状,先端棍棒状。花柱伸出花冠,先端相等2浅裂,裂片线形。花盘平顶。小坚果倒卵圆状四边形,基部略狭,长1.6毫米,宽1.2毫米,褐色,边缘加厚,背面平,腹面具稜,有腺点。花期6-9月,果期8-11月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、河北、陕西、四川、贵州、云南;生于海拔320-2100米沼泽地、水边、沟边等潮湿处。俄罗斯、日本也有。
用途(Use):引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 240
Lycopus lucidus Turczaninow ex Bentham, Prodr. 12: 178. 1848.
地笋 di sun | Lamiaceae  | Lycopus
Herbs perennial. Rhizomes swollen at apex, sometimes with enlarged stolons bearing scalelike leaves. Stems erect, 20-70 cm, usually unbranched, nodes ± tinged purple-red. Leaves subsessile or short petiolate, linear to oblong-lanceolate, ± arcuate, 4-8 × 1.2-2.5 cm, glabrous to minutely hispid-hirsute, abaxially impressed glandular, base attenuate, margin ± pinnatipartite to ± entire, apex acuminate. Verticillasters globose, 1.2-1.5 cm in diam.; bracteoles ovate to lanceolate, ciliolate, spinescent, outermost to 5 mm and 3-veined, inner ones 2-3 mm and 1-veined. Calyx ca. 3 mm, glabrous, glandular; teeth 5, lanceolate-triangular, ca. 2 mm, apex spinescent, ciliolate. Corolla white, ca. 5 mm, glandular, throat white pubescent, tube ca. 3 mm; limb indistinctly 2-lipped, upper lip subcircular; lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe larger. Nutlets obovoid, 4-sided, ca. 1.6 × 1.2 mm, abaxially flattened, glandular, base subattenuate. Fl. Jun-Sep, fr. Aug-Nov.
Marshy areas, grasslands, streamsides; 300-2600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Russia]




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