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香茶菜Isodon amethystoides

时间:2013-09-24 13:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香茶菜 学名( Scientific Name ): Isodon amethystoides (Benth.) H. Hara 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蛇总管 异名( Synonym ): Rabdosia amethystoides (Benth.) Hara Plectranth
中文名(Chinese Name):香茶菜
学名(Scientific Name):Isodon amethystoides (Benth.) H. Hara
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):蛇总管
异名(Synonym):Rabdosia amethystoides (Benth.) Hara  Plectranthus daitonensis Hayata  Plectranthus amethystoides Benth.  Amethystanthus daitonensis (Hayata) Nemoto  Amethystanthus koroensis (Kudô) Nemoto  Isodon daitonensis (Hayata) Kud?  Isodon koroensis Kud?  Plectranthus pekinensis Maxim.  Plectranthus sinensis Miq.  Rabdosia koroensis (Kud?) H.Hara
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)香茶菜属
形态特征(Description):多年生、直立草本;根茎肥大,疙瘩状,木质,向下密生纤维状须根。茎高0.3-1.5米,四棱形,具槽,密被向下贴生疏柔毛或短柔毛,草质,在叶腋内常有不育的短枝,其上具较小型的叶。叶卵状圆形,卵形至披针形,大小不一,生于主茎中、下部的较大,生于侧枝及主茎上部的较小,长0.8-11厘米,宽0.7-3.5厘米,先端渐尖、急尖或钝,基部骤然收缩后长渐狭或阔楔状渐狭而成具狭翅的柄,边缘除基部全缘外具圆齿,草质,上面榄绿色,被疏或密的短刚毛,有些近无毛,下面较淡,被疏柔毛至短绒毛,有时近无毛,但均密被白色或黄色小腺点;叶柄长0.2-2.5厘米不等。花序为由聚伞花序组成的顶生圆锥花序,疏散,聚伞花序多花,长2-9厘米,直径1.5-8厘米,分枝纤细而极叉开;苞叶与茎叶同型,通常卵形,较小,近无柄,向上变苞片状,苞片卵形或针状,小,但较显著;花梗长3-8毫米,总梗长1-4厘米。花萼钟形,长与宽约2.5毫米,外面疏生极短硬毛或近无毛,满布白色或黄色腺点,萼齿5,近相等,三角状,约为萼长之1/3,果萼直立,阔钟形,长4-5毫米,直径约5毫米,基部圆形。花冠白、蓝白或紫色,上唇带紫蓝色,长约7毫米,外疏被短柔毛,内面无毛,冠筒在基部上方明显浅囊状突起,略弯曲,至喉部宽约2毫米,长为花冠长之1/2,冠檐二唇形,上唇先端具4圆裂,下唇阔圆形。雄蕊及花柱与花冠等长,均内藏。花盘环状。成熟小坚果卵形,长约2毫米,宽约1.5毫米,黄栗色,被黄色及白色腺点。花期6-10月,果期9-11月。
分布(Distribution):产广东,广西,贵州,福建,台湾,江西,浙江,江苏,安徽及湖北;生于林下或草丛中的湿润处,海拔200-920米。模式标本采自广东。
用途(Use):全草入药,治闭经、乳痈、跌打损伤。根入药,治劳伤、筋骨酸痛、疮毒、蔪蛇咬伤等症,为治蛇伤要药。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 274
Isodon amethystoides (Bentham) H. Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 60: 233. 1985.
香茶菜 xiang cha cai| Lamiaceae  | Isodon
Plectranthus amethystoides Bentham, Labiat. Gen. Spec. 45. 1832; P. daitonensis Hayata.
Herbs erect, perennial. Stems 30-150 cm tall, densely appressed incurved-pilose or puberulent, axillary branchlets sterile. Petiole 0.2-2.5 cm; leaf blade ovate-orbicular to lanceolate, 0.8-11 × 0.7-3.5 cm, thin papery, adaxially olive green, ± densely hispidulous, sometimes subglabrous, abaxially greenish, pilose or tomentulose, sometimes subglabrous, base abruptly attenuate or broadly cuneate-attenuate, margin crenate except for entire base, apex acuminate to obtuse. Panicles terminal; cymes loose, many flowered, 2-9 × 1.5-8 cm, with divaricate elongated branchlets; floral leaves ovate, similar to stem leaves, smaller. Calyx campanulate, ca. 2.5 × 2.5 mm, sparsely hirtellous or subglabrous outside, with scattered white or yellow glands; teeth 5, subequal, triangular, ca. 1/3 as long as calyx; fruiting calyx erect, broadly campanulate, 4-5 × ca. 5 mm. Corolla white bluish, white, or purplish, purple bluish on upper lip, ca. 7 mm, sparsely puberulent outside. Stamens included. Style included. Nutlets ovoid, ca. 2 mm, brown to yellow or white glandular. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Sep-Nov.
* Forests, wet grassy areas; 200-900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Zhejiang
Used medicinally.


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