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多花筋骨草Ajuga multiflora

时间:2013-09-24 13:47来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):多花筋骨草 学名( Scientific Name ): Ajuga multiflora Bunge 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Ajuga lanosa Sun Ajuga amurica Freyn 科属( Family Genus ): 唇
中文名(Chinese Name):多花筋骨草
学名(Scientific Name):Ajuga multiflora Bunge
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Ajuga lanosa Sun  Ajuga amurica Freyn
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)筋骨草属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。茎直立,不分枝,高6-20厘米,四棱形,密被灰白色绵毛状长柔毛,幼嫩部分尤密。基生叶具柄,柄长0.7-2厘米,茎上部叶无柄;叶片均纸质,椭圆状长圆形或椭圆状卵圆形,长1.5-4厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,先端钝或微急尖,基部楔状下延,抱茎,边缘有不甚明显的波状齿或波状圆齿,具长柔毛状缘毛,上面密被下面疏被柔毛状糙伏毛,脉3或5出,两面突起。轮伞花序自茎中部向上渐靠近,至顶端呈一密集的穗状聚伞花序;苞叶大,下部者与茎叶同形,向上渐小,呈披针形或卵形,渐变为全缘;花梗极短,被柔毛。花萼宽钟形,长5-7毫米,外面被绵毛状长柔毛,以萼齿上毛最密,内面无毛,萼齿5,整齐,钻状三角形,长为花萼的2/3,先端锐尖,具柔毛状缘毛。花冠蓝紫色或蓝色,筒状,长1-1.2厘米,内外两面被微柔毛,内面近基部有毛环,冠檐二唇形,上唇短,直立,先端2裂,裂片圆形,下唇伸长,宽大,3裂,中裂片扇形,侧裂片长圆形。雄蕊4,二强,伸出,微弯,花丝粗壮,具长柔毛。花柱细长,微弯,超出雄蕊,上部被疏柔毛,先端2浅裂,裂片细尖。花盘环状,裂片不明显,前面呈指状膨大。子房顶端被微柔毛。小坚果倒卵状三棱形,背部具网状皱纹,腹部中间隆起,具1大果脐,其长度占腹面2/3,边缘被微柔毛。花期4-5月,果期5-6月。
分布(Distribution):产内蒙古,黑龙江,辽宁,河北,江苏,安徽;生于山坡疏草丛中或河边草地或灌丛中。俄罗斯远东地区,朝鲜也有。
用途(Use):朝鲜用全草入药,作利尿药,名为花夏枯草。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 66
Ajuga multiflora Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 2: 125. 1833.
多花筋骨草 duo hua jin gu cao | Lamiaceae  | Ajuga
Herbs perennial. Stems erect, unbranched, 6-23 cm tall. Basal leaves often in a rosette, petiolate, upper leaves sessile to petiolate, sometimes alternate; petiole 0.7-2 cm; leaf blade lanceolate to ovate-oblong, 1.5-4 × 1-1.5 cm, adaxially densely villous-strigose, abaxially sparsely villous-ciliate, margin villous-ciliate. Apical verticillasters crowded, forming dense spikes 3-10 cm; apical floral leaves reduced, lanceolate to ovate, margin subentire or entire. Calyx broadly campanulate, 5-7 mm, lanate-villous; teeth regular, subulate-triangular, to 2/3 as long as calyx, apically acute, villous-ciliate. Corolla blue-purple or blue, tubular, 1-1.8 cm, puberulent, villous annulate inside; upper lip straight, with 2 circular lobes; middle lobe of lower lip flabellate, lateral lobes oblong. Nutlets adaxially swollen at middle, areole to 2/3 as long as adaxial side of nutlet. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Jun.
Sparse grass on slopes, thickets, riverbank grasslands. Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol [Korea, Russia]




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