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香雪球Lobularia maritima

时间:2013-09-05 16:50来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香雪球 学名( Scientific Name ): Lobularia maritima (Linn.) Desv. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Alyssum maritimum (L.) Lam. Koniga maritima (L.) R. Br. Ady
中文名(Chinese Name):香雪球
学名(Scientific Name):Lobularia maritima (Linn.) Desv.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Alyssum maritimum (L.) Lam.  Koniga maritima (L.) R. Br.  Adyseton halimifolium Link  Adyseton maritimum (L.) Link  Adyseton orbiculare Bubani  Anodontea halimifolia (DC.) Sweet  Clypeola halimifolia Link  Draba maritima (L.) Lam.  Glyce maritima (L.) Lindl.  Koniga halymifolia Rchb.  Lunaria halimifolia All.  Octadenia maritima (L.) Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 
科属Family & Genus):十字花科(Cruciferae)香雪球属
形态特征Description):多年生草本,基部木质化,但栽培的不论当年生或隔年生均不木质化,高10-40厘米全珠被“丁”字毛,毛带银灰色。茎自基部向上分枝,常呈密丛。叶条形或披针形,长1.5-5厘米,宽1.5-5毫米,两端渐窄,全缘。花序伞房状,果期极伸长,花梗丝状,长2-6毫米;萼片长约1.5毫米,外轮的宽于内轮的,外轮的长圆卵形,内轮的窄椭圆形或窄卵状长圆形;花瓣淡紫色或白色,长圆形,长约3毫米,顶端钝圆,基部突然变窄成爪。短角果椭圆形,长3-3.5毫米,无毛或在上半部有稀疏“丁”字毛;果瓣扁压而稍膨胀,中脉清楚;胎座框常为淡紫色,隔膜白色,半透明,无脉;果梗长7-15毫米,斜上升或近水平展开,末端上翘。种子每室1粒,悬垂于子房室顶,长圆形,长约1.5毫米,淡红褐色,遇水有胶粘物质。花期温室栽培的3-4月,露地栽培的6-7月。
分布(Distribution):产地中海沿岸,我国南北均有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 8 Page 64
Lobularia maritima (Linnaeus) Desvaux, J. Bot. Agric. 3: 162. 1815.
香雪球 xiang xue qiu | Brassicaceae  | Lobularia
Clypeola maritima Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 652. 1753; Alyssum halimifolium Linnaeus; A. maritimum (Linnaeus) Lamarck; A. minimum Linnaeus; Koniga maritima (Linnaeus) R. Brown.
Herbs perennial, sometimes suffruticose, (5-)12-24(-40) cm tall, silvery pubescent. Stems erect, ascending, procumbent, or decumbent, basally branched; pubescent. Leaves linear, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, (1-)1.5-2.5(-4) cm × (0.8-)1.5-3(-6.5) mm, pubescent, base attenuate, margin entire, apex acute to subobtuse. Racemes many flowered, elongated considerably in fruit. Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending, straight, slender, (3-)5-7(-10) mm, pubescent. Sepals green or purple, oblong, 1.5-1.8(-2.4) × 0.5-1 mm, pubescent. Petals white or deep purple, obovate or suborbicular, 2-3 × 1.5-2.5(-3) mm, abruptly narrowed to claw; claw to 1 mm. Filaments white or purple, 1.2-2 mm; anthers ovate, 0.3-0.5 mm. Fruit ovate, elliptic, or orbicular, (2-)2.3-3(-4.2) × (1.2-)1.5-2(-3) mm; valves convex, pubescent, with a distinct midvein; style 0.4-0.6 mm. Seeds light to reddish brown, 1 per ovary, lenticular, ovate or suborbicular, (1-)1.2-1.4(-2) × (0.7-)0.9-1.1(-1.5), wingless or with a narrow wing to 0.1 mm wide. Fl. and fr. throughout the year depending on locality. 2n = 24.
Stony areas, waste grounds, yards; sea level to 2000 m. Cultivated in most of China, naturalized in Gansu, Hebei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang [native to W Mediterranean region; naturalized elsewhere].






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