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糖芥Erysimum amurense

时间:2013-09-05 16:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):糖芥 学名( Scientific Name ): Erysimum amurense Kitag. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Erysimum bungei (Kitagawa) Kitagawa Cheiranthus aurantiacus Bunge Ery
中文名(Chinese Name):糖芥
学名(Scientific Name):Erysimum amurense Kitag.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Erysimum bungei (Kitagawa) Kitagawa  Cheiranthus aurantiacus Bunge  Erysimum amurense var. bungei (Kitag.) Kitag.  Erysimum aurantiacum (Bunge) Maxim.  Erysimum amurense subsp. bungei Kitag.
科属(Family & Genus):十字花科(Cruciferae)糖芥属
形态特征(Description):一年或二年生草本,高30-60厘米,密生伏贴2叉毛;茎直立,不分枝或上部分枝,具棱角。叶披针形或长圆状线形,基生叶长5-15厘米,宽5-20毫米,顶端急尖,基部渐狭,全缘,两面有2叉毛;叶柄长1.5-2厘米;上部叶有短柄或无柄,基部近抱茎,边缘有波状齿或近全缘。总状花序顶生,有多数花;萼片长圆形,长5-7毫米,密生2叉毛,边缘白色膜质;花瓣桔黄色,倒披针形,长10-14毫米,有细脉纹,顶端圆形,基部具长爪;雄蕊6,近等长。长角果线形,长4.5-8.5厘米,宽约1毫米,稍呈四棱形,花柱长约1毫米,柱头2裂,裂瓣具隆起中肋;果梗长5-7毫米,斜上开展。种子每室1行,长圆形,侧扁,长1-1.5毫米,深红褐色。花期6-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产东北、华北、江苏、四川及陕西,生于田边荒地、山坡。蒙古、朝鲜及俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 8 Page 165
Erysimum amurense Kitagawa, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 51: 155. 1937.
糖芥 tang jie| Brassicaceae  | Erysimum
Cheiranthus aurantiacus Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor. 5. 1833; Erysimum amurense subsp. bungei Kitagawa; E. amurense var. bungei (Kitagawa) Kitagawa; E. aurantiacum (Bunge) Maximowicz (1889), not Leybold (1855); E. bungei (Kitagawa) Kitagawa.
Herbs perennial, (12-)25-90(-100) cm tall. Trichomes malpighiaceous throughout, mixed mainly on leaves with much fewer 3-fid ones. Stems erect, simple or branched basally, slightly ribbed. Basal and lowermost cauline leaves with petioles (0.5-)1-3 cm; leaf blade narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, (2.5-)4-12(-15) cm × (2-)4-15(-17) mm, canescent or green, base attenuate, margin entire or obscurely denticulate, apex acuminate or acute. Upper cauline leaves sessile or subsessile. Racemes corymbose, densely flowered, ebracteate or lowermost few flowers bracteate, elongated considerably in fruit. Fruiting pedicels divaricate, (4-)5-9(-10) mm, slender, narrower than fruit, straight. Sepals oblong-linear, (6-)7-10(-11) × 2-3 mm, lateral pair strongly saccate. Petals orange-yellow, broadly obovate or spatulate, (1.2-)1.5-2 cm × (3-)4.5-7(-8) mm, apex rounded; claw distinct, subequaling sepals. Filaments yellow, (6.5-)8-11 mm; anthers linear, 3-4 mm. Ovules (24-)30-60 per ovary. Fruit linear, subterete or flattened, (1.1-)2.5-5(-8) cm × 1.2-2 mm, slightly torulose, erect to ascending, straight or curved; valves obscurely veined, outside with malpighiaceous trichomes, inside glabrous; style slender, (1.5-)2-4 mm, cylindric, much narrower than fruit; stigma capitate, prominently 2-lobed. Seeds oblong, (1.5-)2-3 × 0.8-1.3 mm. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jun-Oct.
Plains, valleys, dry sandy or stony slopes, roadsides, thickets, disturbed secondary forests, gravelly ledges, hillsides, dry river banks; 100-2800 m. Hebei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi [Korea, Russia].
The records in FRPS and Fl. Sichuan. (14: 146. 1999) of Erysimum amurense (as E. bungei) from Sichuan are based on misidentified plants of E. benthamii.






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