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加拿大一枝黄花Solidago canadensis

时间:2013-07-23 13:36来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):加拿大一枝黄花 学名( Scientific Name ): Solidago canadensis L. 英文名( English Common Name ): Canada goldenrod 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 金棒草 异名( Synonym ): Doria canadensis (L.) Lunell Solidago





中文名(Chinese Name):加拿大一枝黄花
学名(Scientific Name):Solidago canadensis L.
英文名(English Common Name):Canada goldenrod
别名(Chinese Common Name):金棒草
异名(Synonym):Doria canadensis (L.) Lunell  Solidago anthropogena   Solidago canadensis subsp. altissima (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)一枝黄花属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本,有长根状茎。茎直立,高达2.5米。叶披针形或线状披针形,长5-12厘米。头状花序很小,长4-6毫米,在花序分枝上单面着生,多数弯曲的花序分枝与单面着生的头状花序,形成开展的圆锥状花序。总苞片线状披针形,长3-4毫米。边缘舌状花很短。
分布(Distribution):产北美,我国南北均有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 632, 633, 634
Solidago canadensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 878. 1753.
加拿大一枝黄花 jia na da yi zhi huang hua | Asteraceae  | Solidago
Herbs, perennial; rhizomes creeping, branched. Stems to 150 cm tall, erect, simple, shortly and softly downy above. Leaves numerous, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 5-12 cm, abaxially downy, veins sparsely hairy, adaxially shortly pilose, tapering at both ends, margin of basal sometimes entire, of lower and upper cauline sharply serrate, longitudinal veins 3 (triplinerved), of which 2 lateral veins protrude weakly, apex acuminate. Capitula in paniculiform synflorescences, branches (racemes) curved downward, capitula attached on upper side of branch. Involucre 2.5-3 mm; phyllaries linear-lanceolate, slightly obtuse. Florets golden yellow; ray florets hardly longer than involucre. Pappus inner (longest) bristles not obviously clavate. Fl. Aug-Sep.
Occasionally cultivated in gardens and parks in China, and may possibly become naturalized [native to North America].

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