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瓜叶菊Pericallis hybrida

时间:2013-07-23 13:20来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):瓜叶菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Pericallis hybrida B. Nord. 英文名( English Common Name ): common ragwort 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Senecio cruentus Roth Cineraria cruenta Masson ex






中文名(Chinese Name):瓜叶菊
学名(Scientific Name):Pericallis hybrida B. Nord.
英文名(English Common Name):common ragwort
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Senecio cruentus Roth  Cineraria cruenta Masson ex L'Hér.  Senecio hybridus Hort. ex Regel
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)瓜叶菊属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。茎直立,高30-70厘米,被密白色长柔毛。叶具柄;叶片大,肾形至宽心形,有时上部叶三角状心形,长10-15厘米,宽10-20厘米,顶端急尖或渐尖,基部深心形,边缘不规则三角状浅裂或具钝锯齿,上面绿色,下面灰白色,被密绒毛;叶脉掌状,在上面下凹,下面凸起;叶柄长4-10厘米,基部扩大,抱茎;上部叶较小,近无柄。头状花序直径3-5厘米,多数,在茎端排列成宽伞房状;花序梗粗,长3-6厘米;总苞钟状,长5-10毫米,宽7-15毫米;总苞片1层,披针形,顶端渐尖。小花紫红色,淡蓝色,粉红色或近白色;舌片开展,长椭圆形,长2.5-3.5厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,顶端具3小齿;管状花黄色,长约6毫米。瘦果长圆形,长约1.5毫米,具棱,初时被毛,后变无毛。冠毛白色,长4-5毫米。花果期3-7月。
分布(Distribution):原产大西洋加那利群岛,我国南北均有栽培。
用途(Use):原产大西洋加那利群岛。我国各地公园或庭院广泛栽培。花色美丽鲜艳,色彩多样,是一种常见的盆景花卉和装点庭院居室的观赏植物。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 544 
Pericallis hybrida B. Nordenstam, Opera Bot. 44: 21. 1978.
瓜叶菊 gua ye ju | Asteraceae  | Pericallis
Cineraria hybrida Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 2: 893. 1809, not Bernhardi (1800).
Herbs, perennial. Stems erect, 30-70 cm tall, sparsely to densely white pubescent. Leaf petiole 4-10 cm, basally expanded and amplexicaul; blade abaxially green, adaxially gray-white, reniform to broadly cordate, sometimes upper leaves triangular-cordate, large, 10-15 × 10-20 cm, densely tomentose, palmately veined, concave abaxially, convex adaxially, base deeply cordate, margin irregularly deltoid-lobed or obtusely dentate, apex acute or acuminate. Uppermost leaves subsessile, smaller. Capitula numerous, terminal, broadly corymbose, 3-5 cm in diam.; peduncles 3-6 cm, coarse. Involucres campanulate, 5-10 × 7-15 mm; phyllaries 1-seriate, lanceolate, apically acuminate. Ray florets purple-red, blue, pink, or whitish; lamina spreading, narrowly elliptic-oblong, 2.5-3.5 × 1-1.5 cm, apically 3-denticulate. Disk florets white, cream-colored, or pink (never yellow), ca. 6 mm. Achenes oblong, 1.5-2 mm, angled or ribbed, at first hairy, glabrescent. Pappus of capillary-like bristles, white, 4-5 mm. Fl. and fr. Mar-Jul.
Widely cultivated in gardens and parks throughout China, also indoors [only known in cultivation, of hybrid origin from species native to Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Madeira)].
Pericallis hybrida is a colorful ornamental plant. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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