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边荚鱼藤Derris marginata

时间:2018-08-13 20:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):边荚鱼藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Derris marginata (Roxb.) Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 纤毛萼鱼藤 异名( Synonym ): Dalbergia marginata Roxb. Pongamia marginata Gr
中文名(Chinese Name):边荚鱼藤
学名(Scientific Name):Derris marginata (Roxb.) Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):纤毛萼鱼藤
异名(Synonym):Dalbergia marginata Roxb.  Pongamia marginata Graham  Pterocarpus marginatus (Roxb.) Kuntze  Aganope marginata Miq.
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae鱼藤属
形态特征(Description):攀援状灌木;除花萼、子房被疏柔毛外全株无毛。羽状复叶长13-25厘米;小叶2-3对,近革质,倒卵状椭圆形或倒卵形,长5-15厘米,宽2.5-6厘米,先端短渐尖,钝头,基部圆形,侧脉6-8(-10)对,两面稍隆起,下面较明显;小叶长约5毫米。圆锥花序腋生,长6-20厘米,无毛,分枝少数,花单生或2-3朵聚生;花长10-12毫米;花梗长5-12毫米;花萼浅杯状,长2-3毫米;花冠白色淡红色,无毛,旗瓣阔卵形;雄蕊单体;子房无柄。荚果薄,舌状长椭圆形,长7-10(-15)厘来,宽2-4厘米,无毛,有小网纹,腹缝翅宽6-8毫米,背缝翅宽2-3毫米。花期4-5月,果期11月至翌年1月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、广东、广西、云南。生于山地疏林或密林中。印度、中南半岛也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 167, 170
Derris marginata (Roxburgh) Bentham in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 252. 1852.
边荚鱼藤 bian jia yu teng| Fabaceae  | Derris
Dalbergia marginata Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3: 230. 1832.
Lianas, glabrous except for pilose calyces and ovaries. Leaves 5- or 7-foliolate; rachis 13-25 cm, including petiole (3.5-)5-10 cm; leaflet blades obovate-elliptic to obovate, 5-15 × 2.5-6 cm, subleathery, secondary veins 6-8(-10) on each side of midvein and slightly prominent, base rounded, apex shortly and obtusely acuminate. Pseudopanicles axillary, 6-20 cm, with few branches, glabrous; rachis nodes with 1-3 fascicled flow­ers. Pedicel 5-12 mm. Flowers 1-1.2 cm. Calyx shallowly cup-shaped, 2-3 mm. Corolla whitish to pale red, 8-10(-12) cm, glabrous; standard broadly ovate. Ovary sessile, glabrescent. Legume ligulate-oblong, 7-10(-15) × 2-4 cm, thin, glabrous, reticulate veined; abaxial suture with a 2-3 mm wide wing, adaxial suture with a 6-8 mm wide wing. Seeds 1(or 2) per legume. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Nov-Jan.
Open or dense forests, mountain slopes; 400-600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan [Bangladesh, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
The place of publication of the basionym is often given incor­rectly. Roxburgh used the epithet "marginata" in Flora Indica for dis­tinct species in two genera. Both were treated by Bentham as species of Derris. In making the transfer of Dalbergia marginata, Bentham cited the wrong page number. See R. Geesink (Leiden Bot. Ser. 8: 110. 1984) for discussion.
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