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鱼藤Derris trifoliata

时间:2018-08-13 20:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):鱼藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Derris trifoliata Lour. 英文名( English Common Name ): threeleaf derris 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Derris uliginosa (Willd.) Benth. Robinia ulginosa Wil
中文名(Chinese Name):鱼藤
学名(Scientific Name):Derris trifoliata Lour.
英文名(English Common Name):threeleaf derris
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Derris uliginosa (Willd.) Benth.  Robinia ulginosa Willd.  Galedupa ulginosa (Willd.) Roxb.  Pongamia ulginosa (Willd.) DC.  Deguelia trifoliata (Lour.) Taub.  Deguelia ulginosa (Willd.) Baill.  Galedupa uliginosa (Willd.) Roxb.  Deguelia uliginosa (Willd.)Baill.  Derris affinis Benth.  Dalbergia heterophylla Willd.  Derris heteropylla (Willd.)Backer  Derris heterophylla (Willd.)K.Heyne  Derris forsteniana Miq.  Pongamia uliginosa (Willd.)DC.  Robinia uliginosa Willd.  Pterocarpus uliginosus Roxb.  Deguelia uliginosa var. loureiri Benth.
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae鱼藤属
形态特征(Description):攀援状灌木。枝叶均无毛。羽状复叶长7-15厘米;小叶通常2对,有时1或3对,厚纸质或薄革质,卵形或卵状长椭圆形,长5-10厘米,宽2-4厘米,先端渐尖,钝头,基部圆形或微心形;小叶柄短,长2-3毫米。总状花序腋生,通常长5-10厘米,无毛,有时下部的花束轴延长成一短枝;花梗聚生,长2-4毫米;花萼钟状,长约2毫米,无毛或近无毛,萼齿钝,极短;花冠白色或粉红色,各瓣长约10毫米,旗瓣近圆形,翼瓣和龙骨瓣狭长椭圆形,雄蕊单体。荚果斜卵形、圆形或阔长椭圆形,长2.5-4厘米,宽2-3厘米,扁平,无毛,仅于腹缝有狭翅,有种子1-2粒。花期4-8月,果期8-12月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、广东、广西。多生于沿海河岸灌木丛、海边灌木丛或近海岸的红树林中。印度、马来西亚及澳大利亚也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 166, 167
Derris trifoliata Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 433. 1790.
鱼藤 yu teng | Fabaceae  | Derris
Derris uliginosa (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Bentham; Robinia uliginosa Roxburgh ex Willdenow.
Lianas, glabrous. Leaves (3 or)5(or 7)-foliolate; rachis 7-15 cm, including petiole 5-9 cm; leaflet blades ovate-oblong, 5-10 × 2-4 cm, firmly papery to subleathery, base rounded to slightly cordate, apex obtusely acuminate. Pseudoracemes axil­lary, 5-10 cm; rachis nodes with 2 or 3(-6) fascicled flowers sometimes borne on a short branchlet. Pedicel 2-4 mm. Flow­ers ca. 1.2 cm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 2 mm, glabrous or sub­glabrous; teeth very short, obtuse. Corolla whitish to pink, ca. 1 cm; standard suborbicular. Ovary sparsely pubescent. Legume obliquely ovoid, globose, or oblong, 2.5-4 × 2-3 cm, com­pressed, glabrous; adaxial suture with a narrow wing. Seeds 1 or 2 per legume. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Aug-Dec. 2n = 22.
Coastal areas along beaches or riverbanks, thickets, forests; below 1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan [Cambodia, In­dia, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thai­land, Vietnam; E Africa, Australia, Pacific islands].


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