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喙荚云实Caesalpinia minax

时间:2018-08-14 09:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):喙荚云实 学名( Scientific Name ): Caesalpinia minax Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 南蛇簕 异名( Synonym ): Caesalpinia morsei Dunn Caesalpinia minax var. burmanica Pr
中文名(Chinese Name):喙荚云实
学名(Scientific Name):Caesalpinia minax Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):南蛇簕
异名(Synonym):Caesalpinia morsei Dunn  Caesalpinia minax var. burmanica Prain 
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae云实属
形态特征(Description):有刺藤本,各部被短柔毛。二回羽状复叶长可达45厘米;托叶锥状而硬;羽片5-8对;小叶6-12对,椭圆形或长圆形,长2-4厘米,宽1.1-1.7厘米,先端圆钝或急尖,基部圆形,微偏斜,两面沿中脉被短柔毛。总状花序或圆锥花序顶生;苞片卵状披针形,先端短渐尖;萼片5,长约13毫米,密生黄色绒毛;花瓣5,白色,有紫色斑点,倒卵形,长约18毫米,宽约12毫米,先端圆钝,基部靠合,外面和边缘有毛;雄蕊10,较花瓣稍短,花丝下部密被长柔毛;子房密生细刺,花柱稍超出于雄蕊,无毛。荚果长圆形,长7.5-13厘米,宽4-4.5厘米,先端圆钝而有喙,喙长5-25毫米,果瓣表面密生针状刺,有种子4-8颗;种子椭圆形与莲子相仿,一侧稍洼,,有环状纹,长约18毫米;宽约10毫米,种子在狭的一端。花期4-5月;果期7月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、云南、贵州、四川,生于海拔400-1500米山沟、溪旁或灌丛中。
用途(Use):种子入药,名石莲子,性寒无毒,开胃进食,清心介烦,除湿去热,治哕逆不止,淋浊。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 42, 43
Caesalpinia minax Hance, J. Bot. 22: 365. 1884.
喙荚云实 hui jia yun shi | Fabaceae  | Caesalpinia
Caesalpinia morsei Dunn.
Climbers, prickly, puberulent throughout. Leaves to 45 cm; stipules subulate, hard; pinnae 5-8 pairs; leaflets 6-12 pairs, elliptic or oblong, 2-4 × 1.1-1.7 cm, puberulent on mid­vein, base rounded and slightly oblique, apex obtuse-rounded or acute. Racemes or panicles terminal; bracts ovate-lanceolate, apex shortly acuminate. Pedicels ca. 1.5 cm. Sepals 5, ca. 1.3 cm, densely yellowish velutinous. Petals whitish, tinged with purple spots, obovate, ca. 1.8 × 1.2 cm, abaxially and mar­ginally hairy, contiguous at base, apex obtuse-rounded. Stamens 10, slightly shorter than petals, densely pubescent in lower part. Ovary with dense, small spines, 7- or 8-ovuled; style slightly longer than stamens, glabrous. Legume oblong, 7.5-13 × 4-4.5 cm, densely spiny, apex obtuse-rounded, with beak 5-25 mm. Seeds 4-8, elliptic, slightly concave on one side, ca. 1.8 × 1 cm, with cyclic veins. Fl. Mar-May, Jul, Sep, Nov, fr. Apr-Dec.
Mountain valleys, by streams, among bushes; below 100-1500 m. Fujian (cultivated), Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].






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